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Searching for energy-resolved quasi-periodic oscillations in AGN

Searching for energy-resolved quasi-periodic oscillations in AGN
Searching for energy-resolved quasi-periodic oscillations in AGN
X-ray quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) in active galactic nucleus (AGN) allow us to probe and understand the nature of accretion in highly curved space–time, yet the most robust form of detection (i.e. repeat detections over multiple observations) has been limited to a single source to-date, with only tentative claims of single observation detections in several others. The association of those established AGN QPOs with a specific spectral component has motivated us to search the XMM–Newton archive and analyse the energy-resolved light curves of 38 bright AGNs. We apply a conservative false alarm testing routine folding in the uncertainty and covariance of the underlying broad-band noise. We also explore the impact of red-noise leak and the assumption of various different forms (power-law, broken power-law, and Lorentzians) for the underlying broad-band noise. In this initial study, we report QPO candidates in six AGNs (seven including one tentative detection in MRK 766) from our sample of 38, which tend to be found at characteristic energies and, in four cases, at the same frequency across at least two observations, indicating they are highly unlikely to be spurious in nature.
X-rays: galaxies, galaxies: Seyfert, galaxies: active, methods: data analysis, methods: statistical
0035-8711
5478–5499
Middleton, Matthew
f91b89d9-fd2e-42ec-aa99-1249f08a52ad
Ashton, Dominic Ian
abec73b8-c650-4b00-acf0-d921a7a0aa75
Middleton, Matthew
f91b89d9-fd2e-42ec-aa99-1249f08a52ad
Ashton, Dominic Ian
abec73b8-c650-4b00-acf0-d921a7a0aa75

Middleton, Matthew and Ashton, Dominic Ian (2021) Searching for energy-resolved quasi-periodic oscillations in AGN. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 501 (4), 5478–5499. (doi:10.1093/mnras/staa4024).

Record type: Article

Abstract

X-ray quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) in active galactic nucleus (AGN) allow us to probe and understand the nature of accretion in highly curved space–time, yet the most robust form of detection (i.e. repeat detections over multiple observations) has been limited to a single source to-date, with only tentative claims of single observation detections in several others. The association of those established AGN QPOs with a specific spectral component has motivated us to search the XMM–Newton archive and analyse the energy-resolved light curves of 38 bright AGNs. We apply a conservative false alarm testing routine folding in the uncertainty and covariance of the underlying broad-band noise. We also explore the impact of red-noise leak and the assumption of various different forms (power-law, broken power-law, and Lorentzians) for the underlying broad-band noise. In this initial study, we report QPO candidates in six AGNs (seven including one tentative detection in MRK 766) from our sample of 38, which tend to be found at characteristic energies and, in four cases, at the same frequency across at least two observations, indicating they are highly unlikely to be spurious in nature.

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Searching for energy-resolved quasi-periodic oscillations in AGN - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 22 December 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 4 January 2021
Additional Information: ARXIV IS AM
Keywords: X-rays: galaxies, galaxies: Seyfert, galaxies: active, methods: data analysis, methods: statistical

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 447801
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/447801
ISSN: 0035-8711
PURE UUID: 955a003d-416f-4702-a21a-5f7433c0a829

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Date deposited: 23 Mar 2021 17:31
Last modified: 23 Mar 2021 17:36

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