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Characterising cognition in ADHD: beyond executive dysfunction.

Characterising cognition in ADHD: beyond executive dysfunction.
Characterising cognition in ADHD: beyond executive dysfunction.
The hypothesis that Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) reflects a primary inhibitory executive function deficit has spurred a substantial literature. However, empirical findings and methodological issues challenge the etiologic primacy of inhibitory and executive deficits in ADHD. Based on accumulating evidence of increased intra-individual variability in ADHD, we reconsider executive dysfunction in light of distinctions between ‘hot’ and ‘cool’ executive function measures. We propose an integrative model that incorporates new neuroanatomical findings and emphasizes the interactions between parallel processing pathways as potential loci for dysfunction. Such a reconceptualization provides a means to transcend the limits of current models of executive dysfunction in ADHD and suggests a plan for future research on cognition grounded in neurophysiological and developmental considerations.
1364-6613
117-123
Castellanos, F. Xavier
699a8e5d-77f7-41dd-8dba-50f2dece7dd8
Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J.S.
bc80bf95-6cf9-4c76-a09d-eaaf0b717635
Milham, Michael P.
e95a9d22-6154-47a9-a26f-e27836df8675
Tannock, Rosemary
cfe9e585-dd98-400a-b51a-e4fb5d8305e8
Castellanos, F. Xavier
699a8e5d-77f7-41dd-8dba-50f2dece7dd8
Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J.S.
bc80bf95-6cf9-4c76-a09d-eaaf0b717635
Milham, Michael P.
e95a9d22-6154-47a9-a26f-e27836df8675
Tannock, Rosemary
cfe9e585-dd98-400a-b51a-e4fb5d8305e8

Castellanos, F. Xavier, Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J.S., Milham, Michael P. and Tannock, Rosemary (2006) Characterising cognition in ADHD: beyond executive dysfunction. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10 (3), 117-123. (doi:10.1016/j.tics.2006.01.011).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The hypothesis that Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) reflects a primary inhibitory executive function deficit has spurred a substantial literature. However, empirical findings and methodological issues challenge the etiologic primacy of inhibitory and executive deficits in ADHD. Based on accumulating evidence of increased intra-individual variability in ADHD, we reconsider executive dysfunction in light of distinctions between ‘hot’ and ‘cool’ executive function measures. We propose an integrative model that incorporates new neuroanatomical findings and emphasizes the interactions between parallel processing pathways as potential loci for dysfunction. Such a reconceptualization provides a means to transcend the limits of current models of executive dysfunction in ADHD and suggests a plan for future research on cognition grounded in neurophysiological and developmental considerations.

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Published date: 2006

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 44789
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/44789
ISSN: 1364-6613
PURE UUID: b0f48746-9257-47b7-bcb1-f47a347b12e8

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Date deposited: 15 Mar 2007
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 21:06

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