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Salivary cortisol responses to psychosocial stress are associated with birth weight and length of gestation.

Salivary cortisol responses to psychosocial stress are associated with birth weight and length of gestation.
Salivary cortisol responses to psychosocial stress are associated with birth weight and length of gestation.
Fetal programming of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis was proposed as one mechanism underlying the link between prenatal stress, adverse birth outcomes (particularly low birth weight) and an enhanced vulnerability for several diseases later in life. In recent studies, birth weight was significantly related to basal cortisol levels as well as to cortisol responses to pharmacological stimulation.
In order to investigate the association between cortisol responses to psychological challenge, birth weight and length of gestation, 106 young healthy males were exposed to the ‘Trier Social Stress Test’. Salivary cortisol responses to the stress exposure were significantly and inversely related to the subjects' birth weight, while the analysis of the impact of gestational age yielded inconsistent results.
This finding is consistent with the concept of fetal programming of the HPA axis and provides the first preliminary evidence for an association between birth weight and adrenocortical responses to psychosocial stress. As the investigated subjects were twins, possible implications of this sample characteristic for the present findings are discussed.
hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, prenatal stress, birth weight, length of gestation, tsst
0306-4530
591-598
Wüst, Stefan
530861ea-05ba-4a73-8030-9735f1759d5b
Entringer, Sonja
f96a0401-9da9-4f00-aada-b6a3569501ba
Federenko, Ilona S.
caa45b31-cc1a-4b0b-95c3-6484d90e14a1
Schlotz, Wolff
49499d5e-4ff4-4ad3-b5f7-eec11b25b5db
Hellhammer, Dirk H.
e4b56918-8a5e-4b0f-bd70-4cde7edc49c1
Wüst, Stefan
530861ea-05ba-4a73-8030-9735f1759d5b
Entringer, Sonja
f96a0401-9da9-4f00-aada-b6a3569501ba
Federenko, Ilona S.
caa45b31-cc1a-4b0b-95c3-6484d90e14a1
Schlotz, Wolff
49499d5e-4ff4-4ad3-b5f7-eec11b25b5db
Hellhammer, Dirk H.
e4b56918-8a5e-4b0f-bd70-4cde7edc49c1

Wüst, Stefan, Entringer, Sonja, Federenko, Ilona S., Schlotz, Wolff and Hellhammer, Dirk H. (2005) Salivary cortisol responses to psychosocial stress are associated with birth weight and length of gestation. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 30 (6), 591-598. (doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2005.01.008).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Fetal programming of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis was proposed as one mechanism underlying the link between prenatal stress, adverse birth outcomes (particularly low birth weight) and an enhanced vulnerability for several diseases later in life. In recent studies, birth weight was significantly related to basal cortisol levels as well as to cortisol responses to pharmacological stimulation.
In order to investigate the association between cortisol responses to psychological challenge, birth weight and length of gestation, 106 young healthy males were exposed to the ‘Trier Social Stress Test’. Salivary cortisol responses to the stress exposure were significantly and inversely related to the subjects' birth weight, while the analysis of the impact of gestational age yielded inconsistent results.
This finding is consistent with the concept of fetal programming of the HPA axis and provides the first preliminary evidence for an association between birth weight and adrenocortical responses to psychosocial stress. As the investigated subjects were twins, possible implications of this sample characteristic for the present findings are discussed.

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More information

Published date: 2005
Keywords: hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, prenatal stress, birth weight, length of gestation, tsst

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 44793
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/44793
ISSN: 0306-4530
PURE UUID: 676d1961-a70d-4558-b14a-9e85ec46c033

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Date deposited: 15 Mar 2007
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 21:06

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