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In-vivo study of human microbial keratitis with anterior segment OCT

In-vivo study of human microbial keratitis with anterior segment OCT
In-vivo study of human microbial keratitis with anterior segment OCT
Purpose: : Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT) is a novel imaging modality that provides high-resolution corneal scans by non-contact examination. We investigate microbial keratitis (MK) in a prospective longitudinal study with AS-OCT. We assess the ability of Visante AS-OCT to measure corneal thickness (CT) and infiltrate thickness (IT) in the affected area and investigate the temporal change of these parameters during the course of the disease.
Methods: : Twenty seven patients with suspected microbial keratitis underwent slit-lamp examination and AS-OCT scans on day of presentation and days 3, 7 and 14 post-presentation. The scanning beam passed through the infiltrate centre at a specific meridian for all scans. Measurements of CT and IT were obtained in the centre of the infiltrated area on high-resolution images with calliper tools provided by the Visante OCT software (version 1.1.2). Scans and measurements were carried out by the same investigator.
Results: : Clinical resolution occurred in 26 cases; mean CT decreased from 898m (SD±204) on presentation to 753m (SD±161) [p<0.01], 677m (SD±178) [p<0.001] and 584m (SD±146) [p<0.001] on days 3, 7 and 14 respectively. Mean IT decreased from 394m (SD±182) to 319m (SD±162) [p=0.16], 295m (SD±135) [p=0.06] and 207m (SD±87) [p<0.001] respectively. CT and IT decreased significantly more rapidly (48m/day and 25m/day respectively) in the first 3 days of treatment compared to later time intervals, 3-7 and 7-14 days (p<0.05). In one case with clinical deterioration, CT decreased and IT increased before penetrating keratoplasty was required for perforation.
Conclusions: : This is the first study to measure in-vivo CT and IT during the clinical course of MK. Clinical resolution is associated with a rapid reduction of CT and IT the first 3 days of treatment; CT decreases significantly by day 3, whereas IT only decreases significantly by day 14. AS-OCT provides serial objective assessment of the extent and depth of corneal inflammation.
0146-0404
Konstantopoulos, Aristides
c54185a9-1ef3-4b6d-91a3-38de444cc4fb
Anderson, David F.
de3b2d61-3698-4c8f-adcf-604483666fda
Hossain, Parwez
563de5fc-84ad-4539-9228-bde0237eaf51
Konstantopoulos, Aristides
c54185a9-1ef3-4b6d-91a3-38de444cc4fb
Anderson, David F.
de3b2d61-3698-4c8f-adcf-604483666fda
Hossain, Parwez
563de5fc-84ad-4539-9228-bde0237eaf51

Konstantopoulos, Aristides, Anderson, David F. and Hossain, Parwez (2009) In-vivo study of human microbial keratitis with anterior segment OCT. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 50 (13), [3690].

Record type: Meeting abstract

Abstract

Purpose: : Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT) is a novel imaging modality that provides high-resolution corneal scans by non-contact examination. We investigate microbial keratitis (MK) in a prospective longitudinal study with AS-OCT. We assess the ability of Visante AS-OCT to measure corneal thickness (CT) and infiltrate thickness (IT) in the affected area and investigate the temporal change of these parameters during the course of the disease.
Methods: : Twenty seven patients with suspected microbial keratitis underwent slit-lamp examination and AS-OCT scans on day of presentation and days 3, 7 and 14 post-presentation. The scanning beam passed through the infiltrate centre at a specific meridian for all scans. Measurements of CT and IT were obtained in the centre of the infiltrated area on high-resolution images with calliper tools provided by the Visante OCT software (version 1.1.2). Scans and measurements were carried out by the same investigator.
Results: : Clinical resolution occurred in 26 cases; mean CT decreased from 898m (SD±204) on presentation to 753m (SD±161) [p<0.01], 677m (SD±178) [p<0.001] and 584m (SD±146) [p<0.001] on days 3, 7 and 14 respectively. Mean IT decreased from 394m (SD±182) to 319m (SD±162) [p=0.16], 295m (SD±135) [p=0.06] and 207m (SD±87) [p<0.001] respectively. CT and IT decreased significantly more rapidly (48m/day and 25m/day respectively) in the first 3 days of treatment compared to later time intervals, 3-7 and 7-14 days (p<0.05). In one case with clinical deterioration, CT decreased and IT increased before penetrating keratoplasty was required for perforation.
Conclusions: : This is the first study to measure in-vivo CT and IT during the clinical course of MK. Clinical resolution is associated with a rapid reduction of CT and IT the first 3 days of treatment; CT decreases significantly by day 3, whereas IT only decreases significantly by day 14. AS-OCT provides serial objective assessment of the extent and depth of corneal inflammation.

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Published date: April 2009

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 448126
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/448126
ISSN: 0146-0404
PURE UUID: d5cc1282-9292-4f81-968b-9ef57a644a27
ORCID for Parwez Hossain: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3131-2395

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Date deposited: 01 Apr 2021 15:59
Last modified: 13 Apr 2021 01:41

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Contributors

Author: Aristides Konstantopoulos
Author: David F. Anderson
Author: Parwez Hossain ORCID iD

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