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Characteristic low-temperature magnetic properties of aluminous goethite [?-(Fe, Al)OOH] explained

Liu, Q-S., Yu, Y-J., Torrent, J., Roberts, A.P., Pan, Y-X. and Zhu, R-X. (2006) Characteristic low-temperature magnetic properties of aluminous goethite [?-(Fe, Al)OOH] explained Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, (B12), B12S34. (doi:10.1029/2006JB004560).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Goethite (?-FeOOH) is an antiferromagnetic iron oxyhydroxide that forms as a weathering product of iron-bearing minerals. We systematically investigated the low- and room temperature properties of well-defined aluminous goethites [?-(Fe, Al)OOH] with varying grain size and Al content. A marked decrease in the Néel temperature with increasing Al content for goethite lowers the blocking temperature distribution, which produces an increase in the remanent magnetization on cooling. The zero-field-cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled (FC) curves are irreversible. This is due to an additional partial thermal remanent magnetization (pTRM), which is acquired at low temperatures during the FC process because the initial 300 K remanence is far from being saturated due to the extremely high saturation field of goethite. This pTRM can be thermally demagnetized when reheating a sample back to 300 K. Finally, a sharp decrease in the bulk coercivity at 11–13 mol % Al is mostly caused by a broad coercivity distribution due to nonuniformity of Al substitution, which becomes more significant with increasing Al content. The positive correlation between pTRM acquisition during the FC process and the bulk coercivity strongly indicates that the ZFC/FC behavior is controlled by the bulk coercivity, which is, in turn, determined by Al substitution. This explanation of the characteristic low-temperature magnetic properties of Al goethite provides important constraints for identifying natural Al goethite bearing samples and quantitatively estimating the contributions of this mineral to the bulk magnetic properties of such samples.

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More information

Published date: 2006
Keywords: magnetism, goethite, aluminum, low-temperature magnetic techniques

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 44820
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/44820
ISSN: 0148-0227
PURE UUID: 135a587a-5a25-4680-a023-00103e44a642

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Date deposited: 15 Mar 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:13

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Contributors

Author: Q-S. Liu
Author: Y-J. Yu
Author: J. Torrent
Author: A.P. Roberts
Author: Y-X. Pan
Author: R-X. Zhu

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