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Life-Detection technologies for the next two decades

Life-Detection technologies for the next two decades
Life-Detection technologies for the next two decades
Since its inception six decades ago, astrobiology has diversified immensely to encompass several scientific questions including the origin and evolution of Terran life, the organic chemical composition of extraterrestrial objects, and the concept of habitability, among others. The detection of life beyond Earth forms the main goal of astrobiology, and a significant one for space exploration in general. This goal has galvanized and connected with other critical areas of investigation such as the analysis of meteorites and early Earth geological and biological systems, materials gathered by sample-return space missions, laboratory and computer simulations of extraterrestrial and early Earth environmental chemistry, astronomical remote sensing, and in-situ space exploration missions. Lately, scattered efforts are being undertaken towards the R&D of the novel and as-yet-space-unproven life-detection technologies capable of obtaining unambiguous evidence of extraterrestrial life, even if it is significantly different from Terran life. As the suite of space-proven payloads improves in breadth and sensitivity, this is an apt time to examine the progress and future of life-detection technologies.
astro-ph.EP
2331-8422
Giri, Chaitanya
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Jia, Tony Z.
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H., James Cleaves II
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Usui, Tomohiro
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Bodas, Dhananjay
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Carr, Christopher
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Chen, Huan
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Fujii, Yuka
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Furukawa, Yoshihiro
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Genda, Hidenori
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Gillams, Richard J.
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Hamano, Keiko
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Kameda, Shingo
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Krishnamurthy, Ramanarayanan
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Meinert, Cornelia
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Meringer, Markus
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Paknikar, Kishore
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Rajamani, Sudha
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Shivaji, Sisinthy
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Steele, Andrew
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Taniguchi, Masateru
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Yabuta, Hikaru
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Yamagishi, Akihiko
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Giri, Chaitanya
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Jia, Tony Z.
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H., James Cleaves II
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Usui, Tomohiro
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Bodas, Dhananjay
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Carr, Christopher
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Chen, Huan
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Fujii, Yuka
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Furukawa, Yoshihiro
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Genda, Hidenori
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Gillams, Richard J.
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Hamano, Keiko
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Kameda, Shingo
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Krishnamurthy, Ramanarayanan
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Meinert, Cornelia
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Meringer, Markus
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Paknikar, Kishore
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Rajamani, Sudha
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Shivaji, Sisinthy
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Steele, Andrew
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Taniguchi, Masateru
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Yabuta, Hikaru
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Yamagishi, Akihiko
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Giri, Chaitanya, Jia, Tony Z., H., James Cleaves II, Usui, Tomohiro, Bodas, Dhananjay, Carr, Christopher, Chen, Huan, Fujii, Yuka, Furukawa, Yoshihiro, Genda, Hidenori, Gillams, Richard J., Hamano, Keiko, Kameda, Shingo, Krishnamurthy, Ramanarayanan, Meinert, Cornelia, Meringer, Markus, Paknikar, Kishore, Rajamani, Sudha, Shivaji, Sisinthy, Steele, Andrew, Taniguchi, Masateru, Yabuta, Hikaru and Yamagishi, Akihiko (2018) Life-Detection technologies for the next two decades. arXiv.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Since its inception six decades ago, astrobiology has diversified immensely to encompass several scientific questions including the origin and evolution of Terran life, the organic chemical composition of extraterrestrial objects, and the concept of habitability, among others. The detection of life beyond Earth forms the main goal of astrobiology, and a significant one for space exploration in general. This goal has galvanized and connected with other critical areas of investigation such as the analysis of meteorites and early Earth geological and biological systems, materials gathered by sample-return space missions, laboratory and computer simulations of extraterrestrial and early Earth environmental chemistry, astronomical remote sensing, and in-situ space exploration missions. Lately, scattered efforts are being undertaken towards the R&D of the novel and as-yet-space-unproven life-detection technologies capable of obtaining unambiguous evidence of extraterrestrial life, even if it is significantly different from Terran life. As the suite of space-proven payloads improves in breadth and sensitivity, this is an apt time to examine the progress and future of life-detection technologies.

Text
1810.06026v1
Restricted to Repository staff only

More information

Published date: 14 October 2018
Additional Information: 6 pages, the white paper was submitted to and cited by the National Academy of Sciences in support of the Astrobiology Science Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe
Keywords: astro-ph.EP

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 448214
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/448214
ISSN: 2331-8422
PURE UUID: baecd950-8e4b-4cee-bf9b-24c52ee5b43f

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Apr 2021 16:31
Last modified: 15 Apr 2021 16:35

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Contributors

Author: Chaitanya Giri
Author: Tony Z. Jia
Author: James Cleaves II H.
Author: Tomohiro Usui
Author: Dhananjay Bodas
Author: Christopher Carr
Author: Huan Chen
Author: Yuka Fujii
Author: Yoshihiro Furukawa
Author: Hidenori Genda
Author: Richard J. Gillams
Author: Keiko Hamano
Author: Shingo Kameda
Author: Ramanarayanan Krishnamurthy
Author: Cornelia Meinert
Author: Markus Meringer
Author: Kishore Paknikar
Author: Sudha Rajamani
Author: Sisinthy Shivaji
Author: Andrew Steele
Author: Masateru Taniguchi
Author: Hikaru Yabuta
Author: Akihiko Yamagishi

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