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Design, optimization and characterization of bio-hybrid actuators based on 3D-bioprinted skeletal muscle tissue

Design, optimization and characterization of bio-hybrid actuators based on 3D-bioprinted skeletal muscle tissue
Design, optimization and characterization of bio-hybrid actuators based on 3D-bioprinted skeletal muscle tissue
The field of bio-hybrid robotics aims at the integration of biological components with artificial materials in order to take advantage of many unique features occurring in nature, such as adaptability, self-healing or resilience. In particular, skeletal muscle tissue has been used to fabricate bio-actuators or bio-robots that can perform simple actions. In this paper, we present 3D bioprinting as a versatile technique to develop these kinds of actuators and we focus on the importance of optimizing the designs and properly characterizing their performance. For that, we introduce a method to calculate the force generated by the bio-actuators based on the deflection of two posts included in the bio-actuator design by means of image processing algorithms. Finally, we present some results related to the adaptation, controllability and force modulation of our bio-actuators, paving the way towards a design- and optimization-driven development of more complex 3D-bioprinted bio-actuators. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
205-215
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Mestre, Rafael
33721a01-ab1a-4f71-8b0e-abef8afc92f3
Patiño, Tania
efac661c-e5d3-4619-8cd9-db82f392683a
Guix, Maria
1d56db95-bdea-49d3-9361-0417b8e53975
Barceló, Xavier
3bad72bb-7f6e-4f42-a30c-04db372581d5
Sánchez, Samuel
21f41564-f601-4df1-b6a5-3f8138911958
Mestre, Rafael
33721a01-ab1a-4f71-8b0e-abef8afc92f3
Patiño, Tania
efac661c-e5d3-4619-8cd9-db82f392683a
Guix, Maria
1d56db95-bdea-49d3-9361-0417b8e53975
Barceló, Xavier
3bad72bb-7f6e-4f42-a30c-04db372581d5
Sánchez, Samuel
21f41564-f601-4df1-b6a5-3f8138911958

Mestre, Rafael, Patiño, Tania, Guix, Maria, Barceló, Xavier and Sánchez, Samuel (2019) Design, optimization and characterization of bio-hybrid actuators based on 3D-bioprinted skeletal muscle tissue. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). vol. 11556 LNAI, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. pp. 205-215 . (doi:10.1007/978-3-030-24741-6_18).

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

The field of bio-hybrid robotics aims at the integration of biological components with artificial materials in order to take advantage of many unique features occurring in nature, such as adaptability, self-healing or resilience. In particular, skeletal muscle tissue has been used to fabricate bio-actuators or bio-robots that can perform simple actions. In this paper, we present 3D bioprinting as a versatile technique to develop these kinds of actuators and we focus on the importance of optimizing the designs and properly characterizing their performance. For that, we introduce a method to calculate the force generated by the bio-actuators based on the deflection of two posts included in the bio-actuator design by means of image processing algorithms. Finally, we present some results related to the adaptation, controllability and force modulation of our bio-actuators, paving the way towards a design- and optimization-driven development of more complex 3D-bioprinted bio-actuators. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

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Published date: July 2019

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Local EPrints ID: 448591
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/448591
PURE UUID: 8f9178bc-2832-4fc4-be23-6fac19513dff
ORCID for Rafael Mestre: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2460-4234

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Date deposited: 27 Apr 2021 16:44
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 02:32

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Contributors

Author: Rafael Mestre ORCID iD
Author: Tania Patiño
Author: Maria Guix
Author: Xavier Barceló
Author: Samuel Sánchez

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