The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Gender empowerment as an enforcer of individuals’ choice between education and fertility: evidence from 19th century France

Gender empowerment as an enforcer of individuals’ choice between education and fertility: evidence from 19th century France
Gender empowerment as an enforcer of individuals’ choice between education and fertility: evidence from 19th century France
Recent theoretical developments in growth models, triggered particularly by unified theories of growth, suggest that the child quantity-quality trade-off is a defining element in our explanation of a transition from Malthusian stagnation to a sustained growth path. This paper presents a model and derive a testable empirical framework to investigate the role of gender on the trade-off between education and fertility for 86 French counties during the 19th century. Endogeneity-mitigated mean- and median-based regressions offer robust empirical predictions for gender-empowered quality-quantity trade-off. In particular, we find the existence of a significant and negative association between education and fertility. Further, while gauging the effect of schooling on fertility, the short-run differences between male and female appear to be small whilst the long-run effects are large. From policy perspective, our results imply that it matters not just that parents educate their children, but specifically that they choose to educate girls.
0167-2681
Mishra, Tapas
218ef618-6b3e-471b-a686-15460da145e0
Diebolt, Claude
ab734d38-cf64-44a9-9144-cf7ccdb621ed
Perrion, Faustine
3ad8f4e0-e74c-4086-b84b-a5a43c9a535b
Mishra, Tapas
218ef618-6b3e-471b-a686-15460da145e0
Diebolt, Claude
ab734d38-cf64-44a9-9144-cf7ccdb621ed
Perrion, Faustine
3ad8f4e0-e74c-4086-b84b-a5a43c9a535b

Mishra, Tapas, Diebolt, Claude and Perrion, Faustine (2021) Gender empowerment as an enforcer of individuals’ choice between education and fertility: evidence from 19th century France. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Recent theoretical developments in growth models, triggered particularly by unified theories of growth, suggest that the child quantity-quality trade-off is a defining element in our explanation of a transition from Malthusian stagnation to a sustained growth path. This paper presents a model and derive a testable empirical framework to investigate the role of gender on the trade-off between education and fertility for 86 French counties during the 19th century. Endogeneity-mitigated mean- and median-based regressions offer robust empirical predictions for gender-empowered quality-quantity trade-off. In particular, we find the existence of a significant and negative association between education and fertility. Further, while gauging the effect of schooling on fertility, the short-run differences between male and female appear to be small whilst the long-run effects are large. From policy perspective, our results imply that it matters not just that parents educate their children, but specifically that they choose to educate girls.

Text
Diebolt-Mishra-PerrinR2-QQ tradeoff - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 7 November 2022.
Request a copy

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 7 May 2021

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 449155
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/449155
ISSN: 0167-2681
PURE UUID: caeec606-46ad-4ae7-b550-b8c5dddf3a35
ORCID for Tapas Mishra: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6902-2326

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 18 May 2021 16:32
Last modified: 13 Dec 2021 03:14

Export record

Contributors

Author: Tapas Mishra ORCID iD
Author: Claude Diebolt
Author: Faustine Perrion

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×