The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository
Warning ePrints Soton is experiencing an issue with some file downloads not being available. We are working hard to fix this. Please bear with us.

Data from: Species richness change across spatial scales

Data from: Species richness change across spatial scales
Data from: Species richness change across spatial scales
Humans have elevated global extinction rates and thus lowered global-scale species richness. However, there is no a priori reason to expect that losses of global species richness should always, or even often, trickle down to losses of species richness at regional and local scales, even though this relationship is often assumed. Here, we show that scale can modulate our estimates of species richness change through time in the face of anthropogenic pressures, but not in a unidirectional way. Instead, the magnitude of species richness change through time can increase, decrease, reverse, or be unimodal across spatial scales. Using several case studies, we show different forms of scale-dependent richness change through time in the face of anthropogenic pressures. For example, Central American corals show a homogenization pattern, where small scale richness is largely unchanged through time, while larger scale richness change is highly negative. Alternatively, birds in North America showed a differentiation effect, where species richness was again largely unchanged through time at small scales, but was more positive at larger scales. Finally, we collated data from a heterogeneous set of studies of different taxa measured through time from sites ranging from small plots to entire continents, and found highly variable patterns that nevertheless imply complex scale-dependence in several taxa. In summary, understanding how biodiversity is changing in the Anthropocene requires an explicit recognition of the influence of spatial scale, and we conclude with some recommendations for how to better incorporate scale into our estimates of change.,data_for_dryadThis file contains all data associated with the manuscript. A metadata file is included in the zip folder.,
DRYAD
Chase, Jonathan M.
e7fee8ac-54e6-4540-86a0-a1fcee549143
McGill, Brian J.
31b75610-d63b-42db-9e41-6fde0bb2525b
Thompson, Patrick L.
9f031d8f-be1c-4187-b23b-022a42553050
Antão, Laura H.
26cc3906-4edd-434d-998d-971827a1d5b1
Bates, Amanda E.
a96e267d-6d22-4232-b7ed-ce4e448a2a34
Blowes, Shane A.
3746e760-7dfb-46ea-8014-12895e67b030
Dornelas, Maria
8f24b856-a3d2-4671-a04e-931bf694ea1f
Gonzalez, Andrew
7ac3b8e5-d6d8-4b01-a9ba-d41d61bc7182
Magurran, Anne E.
7a54f499-d2f0-4a04-81b2-d90437387a20
Supp, Sarah R.
98e20823-2c07-408e-9809-53a347009c4e
Winter, Marten
9b16415e-500b-4022-90b8-af58dd4324c6
Bjorkmann, Anne D.
1a9cee2b-fafc-4311-a682-f55bd7461574
Bruelheide, Helge
0eb7e81d-222f-4759-94a0-a10bba0272c9
Byrnes, Jarrett E.K.
d8250923-b510-4eb4-8700-495e11546fa6
Cabral, Juliano Sarmento
3049018e-9d3e-4294-8ce4-6a2d35ff9f7d
Ehali, Robin
bef0a1a6-bc0f-4fed-868c-bf6d12b95be2
Gomez, Catalina
3e346562-fcb1-42bf-a758-d093b1425f73
Guzman, Hector M.
87c6d5d9-cec3-42cc-b947-1fb53b5236a8
Isbell, Forest
3cca8843-a137-47e5-9105-1927e4a1e97c
Myers-Smith, Isla H.
0fc3532b-6131-4481-8f92-90237eab4817
Jones, Holly P.
cfce5a81-2699-4fd8-8fc2-9089d00d02bf
Hines, Jessica
bfe600b6-a0ea-4dea-ac98-b307a85701fb
Vellend, Mark
6a6cca54-94a0-4215-aca9-28d5877f11f1
Waldock, Conor
2ac559b9-c08e-4b9c-ba77-7ad69cc6440e
O'Connor, Mary
43d4219e-2472-41d4-bc0c-e3670d98d7b9
Chase, Jonathan M.
e7fee8ac-54e6-4540-86a0-a1fcee549143
McGill, Brian J.
31b75610-d63b-42db-9e41-6fde0bb2525b
Thompson, Patrick L.
9f031d8f-be1c-4187-b23b-022a42553050
Antão, Laura H.
26cc3906-4edd-434d-998d-971827a1d5b1
Bates, Amanda E.
a96e267d-6d22-4232-b7ed-ce4e448a2a34
Blowes, Shane A.
3746e760-7dfb-46ea-8014-12895e67b030
Dornelas, Maria
8f24b856-a3d2-4671-a04e-931bf694ea1f
Gonzalez, Andrew
7ac3b8e5-d6d8-4b01-a9ba-d41d61bc7182
Magurran, Anne E.
7a54f499-d2f0-4a04-81b2-d90437387a20
Supp, Sarah R.
98e20823-2c07-408e-9809-53a347009c4e
Winter, Marten
9b16415e-500b-4022-90b8-af58dd4324c6
Bjorkmann, Anne D.
1a9cee2b-fafc-4311-a682-f55bd7461574
Bruelheide, Helge
0eb7e81d-222f-4759-94a0-a10bba0272c9
Byrnes, Jarrett E.K.
d8250923-b510-4eb4-8700-495e11546fa6
Cabral, Juliano Sarmento
3049018e-9d3e-4294-8ce4-6a2d35ff9f7d
Ehali, Robin
bef0a1a6-bc0f-4fed-868c-bf6d12b95be2
Gomez, Catalina
3e346562-fcb1-42bf-a758-d093b1425f73
Guzman, Hector M.
87c6d5d9-cec3-42cc-b947-1fb53b5236a8
Isbell, Forest
3cca8843-a137-47e5-9105-1927e4a1e97c
Myers-Smith, Isla H.
0fc3532b-6131-4481-8f92-90237eab4817
Jones, Holly P.
cfce5a81-2699-4fd8-8fc2-9089d00d02bf
Hines, Jessica
bfe600b6-a0ea-4dea-ac98-b307a85701fb
Vellend, Mark
6a6cca54-94a0-4215-aca9-28d5877f11f1
Waldock, Conor
2ac559b9-c08e-4b9c-ba77-7ad69cc6440e
O'Connor, Mary
43d4219e-2472-41d4-bc0c-e3670d98d7b9

Chase, Jonathan M., McGill, Brian J., Thompson, Patrick L., Antão, Laura H., Blowes, Shane A., Dornelas, Maria, Gonzalez, Andrew, Magurran, Anne E., Supp, Sarah R., Winter, Marten, Bjorkmann, Anne D., Bruelheide, Helge, Byrnes, Jarrett E.K., Cabral, Juliano Sarmento, Ehali, Robin, Gomez, Catalina, Guzman, Hector M., Isbell, Forest, Myers-Smith, Isla H., Jones, Holly P., Hines, Jessica, Vellend, Mark and O'Connor, Mary (2019) Data from: Species richness change across spatial scales. DRYAD doi:10.5061/dryad.2jk717g [Dataset]

Record type: Dataset

Abstract

Humans have elevated global extinction rates and thus lowered global-scale species richness. However, there is no a priori reason to expect that losses of global species richness should always, or even often, trickle down to losses of species richness at regional and local scales, even though this relationship is often assumed. Here, we show that scale can modulate our estimates of species richness change through time in the face of anthropogenic pressures, but not in a unidirectional way. Instead, the magnitude of species richness change through time can increase, decrease, reverse, or be unimodal across spatial scales. Using several case studies, we show different forms of scale-dependent richness change through time in the face of anthropogenic pressures. For example, Central American corals show a homogenization pattern, where small scale richness is largely unchanged through time, while larger scale richness change is highly negative. Alternatively, birds in North America showed a differentiation effect, where species richness was again largely unchanged through time at small scales, but was more positive at larger scales. Finally, we collated data from a heterogeneous set of studies of different taxa measured through time from sites ranging from small plots to entire continents, and found highly variable patterns that nevertheless imply complex scale-dependence in several taxa. In summary, understanding how biodiversity is changing in the Anthropocene requires an explicit recognition of the influence of spatial scale, and we conclude with some recommendations for how to better incorporate scale into our estimates of change.,data_for_dryadThis file contains all data associated with the manuscript. A metadata file is included in the zip folder.,

This record has no associated files available for download.

More information

Published date: 1 January 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 449438
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/449438
PURE UUID: 486df3bd-d324-4ed5-9424-46f8f71ee8ac

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 May 2021 16:32
Last modified: 02 Jun 2021 16:34

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Creator: Jonathan M. Chase
Creator: Brian J. McGill
Creator: Patrick L. Thompson
Creator: Laura H. Antão
Contributor: Amanda E. Bates
Creator: Shane A. Blowes
Creator: Maria Dornelas
Creator: Andrew Gonzalez
Creator: Anne E. Magurran
Creator: Sarah R. Supp
Creator: Marten Winter
Creator: Anne D. Bjorkmann
Creator: Helge Bruelheide
Creator: Jarrett E.K. Byrnes
Creator: Juliano Sarmento Cabral
Creator: Robin Ehali
Creator: Catalina Gomez
Creator: Hector M. Guzman
Creator: Forest Isbell
Creator: Isla H. Myers-Smith
Creator: Holly P. Jones
Creator: Jessica Hines
Creator: Mark Vellend
Contributor: Conor Waldock
Creator: Mary O'Connor

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×