The why's the limit: curtailing self-enhancement with explanatory introspection

Sedikides, Constantine, Horton, Robert S. and Gregg, Aiden P. (2007) The why's the limit: curtailing self-enhancement with explanatory introspection Journal of Personality, 7, (4), pp. 783-824. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2007.00457.x).


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Self-enhancement is linked to psychological gains (e.g., subjective well-being, persistence in adversity) but also to intrapersonal and interpersonal costs (e.g., excessive risk taking, antisocial behavior). Thus, constraints on self-enhancement may sometimes afford intrapersonal and interpersonal advantages. We tested whether explanatory introspection (i.e., generating reasons for why one might or might not possess personality traits) constitutes one such constraint. Experiment 1 demonstrated that explanatory introspection curtails self-enhancement. Experiment 2 clarified that the underlying mechanism must (a) involve explanatory questioning rather than descriptive imagining, (b) invoke the self rather than another person, and (c) feature written expression rather than unaided contemplation. Finally, Experiment 3 obtained evidence that an increase in uncertainty about oneself mediates the effect.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2007.00457.x
ISSNs: 0022-3506 (print)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
ePrint ID: 45049
Date :
Date Event
August 2007Published
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 18:42
Further Information:Google Scholar

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