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Cardiovascular correlates of motor vehicle accident related posttraumatic stress disorder and its successful treatment

Record type: Article

Persons with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been shown to display elevated baseline cardiovascular activity and a heightened physiological reactivity to trauma-related stimuli. Study 1 examined differences in baseline heart rate (HR) and HR reactivity in 68 survivors of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) and healthy controls without MVA. MVA survivors with PTSD (n=26), subsyndromal PTSD (n=22), traumatized controls without PTSD (non-PTSD with MVA, n=20) and healthy controls without MVA (HC, n=27) underwent measurement of HR during baseline and exposure to a neutral, positive, negative, and trauma-related picture. PTSD patients showed elevated baseline HR and increased HR reactivity only during exposure to the trauma-related picture. Study 2 investigated whether the elevated physiological responses observed in Study 1 normalized after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). We conducted a randomized, controlled treatment trial comparing CBT (n=17) to a Wait-list condition (WLC, n=18). Results showed a greater decrease in HR reactivity for CBT than for WLC. The change in HR reactivity was associated with clinical improvement.

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Citation

Rabe, Sirko, Dörfel, Denise, Zöllner, Tanja, Maercker, Andreas and Karl, Anke (2006) Cardiovascular correlates of motor vehicle accident related posttraumatic stress disorder and its successful treatment Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 31, (4), pp. 315-30. (doi:10.1007/s10484-006-9027-1).

More information

Published date: 2006
Keywords: heart rate, mva, ptsd, treatment

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 45057
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/45057
ISSN: 1090-0586
PURE UUID: b5a3b1a5-8df5-4d65-8f93-d4af662c80b6

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 22 Mar 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:13

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Contributors

Author: Sirko Rabe
Author: Denise Dörfel
Author: Tanja Zöllner
Author: Andreas Maercker
Author: Anke Karl

University divisions


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