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Biogenic nanoparticles: synthesis, characterisation and applications

Biogenic nanoparticles: synthesis, characterisation and applications
Biogenic nanoparticles: synthesis, characterisation and applications

Nanotechnology plays a big part in our modern daily lives, ranging from the biomedical sector to the energy sector. There are different physicochemical and biological methods to synthesise nanoparticles towards multiple applications. Biogenic production of nanoparticles through the utilisation of microorganisms provides great advantages over other techniques and is increasingly being explored. This review examines the process of the biogenic synthesis of nanoparticles mediated by microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and algae, and their applications. Microorganisms offer a disparate environment for nanoparticle synthesis. Optimum production and minimum time to obtain the desired size and shape, to improve the stability of nanoparticles and to optimise specific microorganisms for specific applications are the challenges to address, however. Numerous applications of biogenic nanoparticles in medicine, environment, drug delivery and biochemical sensors are discussed.

Biochemical sensors, Biogenic synthesis, Drug delivery, Nanomaterials, Nanoparticles
2076-3417
Mughal, Bilal, Amin
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Zaidi, Syed
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Zhang, Xunli
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Hassan, Sammer-Ul
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Mughal, Bilal, Amin
2fb2481d-9be2-4f6d-b80e-daf519358d4d
Zaidi, Syed
0bffa399-8cdf-43ab-8dfe-4f9235c1eb9f
Zhang, Xunli
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Hassan, Sammer-Ul
8a5ae3f1-3451-4093-879e-85f40953da8b

Mughal, Bilal, Amin, Zaidi, Syed, Zhang, Xunli and Hassan, Sammer-Ul (2021) Biogenic nanoparticles: synthesis, characterisation and applications. Applied Sciences, 11 (6), [2598]. (doi:10.3390/app11062598).

Record type: Review

Abstract

Nanotechnology plays a big part in our modern daily lives, ranging from the biomedical sector to the energy sector. There are different physicochemical and biological methods to synthesise nanoparticles towards multiple applications. Biogenic production of nanoparticles through the utilisation of microorganisms provides great advantages over other techniques and is increasingly being explored. This review examines the process of the biogenic synthesis of nanoparticles mediated by microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and algae, and their applications. Microorganisms offer a disparate environment for nanoparticle synthesis. Optimum production and minimum time to obtain the desired size and shape, to improve the stability of nanoparticles and to optimise specific microorganisms for specific applications are the challenges to address, however. Numerous applications of biogenic nanoparticles in medicine, environment, drug delivery and biochemical sensors are discussed.

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applsci-11-02598 - Version of Record
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More information

Published date: 15 March 2021
Additional Information: Publisher Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
Keywords: Biochemical sensors, Biogenic synthesis, Drug delivery, Nanomaterials, Nanoparticles

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 450814
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/450814
ISSN: 2076-3417
PURE UUID: 43f11a41-3e89-4868-b923-a159e84ac4f8
ORCID for Xunli Zhang: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4375-1571
ORCID for Sammer-Ul Hassan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0319-5814

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 12 Aug 2021 16:31
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 02:52

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Contributors

Author: Bilal, Amin Mughal
Author: Syed Zaidi
Author: Xunli Zhang ORCID iD

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