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A normative set of criteria to increase political competence through voting advice applications

A normative set of criteria to increase political competence through voting advice applications
A normative set of criteria to increase political competence through voting advice applications
This paper argues that current voting advice applications (VAAs) do not sufficiently fulfil their stated aim of increasing voters' political competence. First, we define four criteria to evaluate whether their methods are likely to increase political competence: informativeness, respect for users' way of comparing and aggregating policy issues, reliability, and transparency. Second, we argue that current VAAs compare and aggregate users' and parties' policy preferences following a weak method that fails in two of them. To prove it, we analyse the methodology of most currents VAAs and use the outcomes from the EU-Vox 2014 in several countries. Third, we discuss two possibilities by which VAAs could improve: (1) by using ex-ante survey data to fill their gaps, or (2) by creating a learning algorithm to adapt the VAA to users' preferences. We found that some changes need to be made if VAAs aim to have an impact on users' political competence.
Meta-synthesis, Public sector, Systematic review, Technology platforms, Voting advice applications, Voting behaviour, Wisdom of crowds
1742-7509
149-175
Padilla, Javier
67acf9fc-6df4-42d0-9aab-a3755fa4e2d5
Ramos, Javier
2d58e1f7-2374-4541-994e-d2ec4da02f31
Romero Moreno, Guillermo
8c2f32d6-b0b5-4563-af22-c08b410b867f
Chueca, Enrique
b5001116-de03-4f65-b8e5-21866e4e27ee
Padilla, Javier
67acf9fc-6df4-42d0-9aab-a3755fa4e2d5
Ramos, Javier
2d58e1f7-2374-4541-994e-d2ec4da02f31
Romero Moreno, Guillermo
8c2f32d6-b0b5-4563-af22-c08b410b867f
Chueca, Enrique
b5001116-de03-4f65-b8e5-21866e4e27ee

Padilla, Javier, Ramos, Javier, Romero Moreno, Guillermo and Chueca, Enrique (2021) A normative set of criteria to increase political competence through voting advice applications. International Journal of Electronic Governance, 13 (2), 149-175. (doi:10.1504/IJEG.2021.116869).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper argues that current voting advice applications (VAAs) do not sufficiently fulfil their stated aim of increasing voters' political competence. First, we define four criteria to evaluate whether their methods are likely to increase political competence: informativeness, respect for users' way of comparing and aggregating policy issues, reliability, and transparency. Second, we argue that current VAAs compare and aggregate users' and parties' policy preferences following a weak method that fails in two of them. To prove it, we analyse the methodology of most currents VAAs and use the outcomes from the EU-Vox 2014 in several countries. Third, we discuss two possibilities by which VAAs could improve: (1) by using ex-ante survey data to fill their gaps, or (2) by creating a learning algorithm to adapt the VAA to users' preferences. We found that some changes need to be made if VAAs aim to have an impact on users' political competence.

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AM_A_normative_set - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 29 July 2021
e-pub ahead of print date: 5 August 2021
Published date: 5 August 2021
Additional Information: Publisher Copyright: Copyright © 2021 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
Keywords: Meta-synthesis, Public sector, Systematic review, Technology platforms, Voting advice applications, Voting behaviour, Wisdom of crowds

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 450905
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/450905
ISSN: 1742-7509
PURE UUID: 0649cdf4-2d4b-4dec-90b0-455b9e425460
ORCID for Guillermo Romero Moreno: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0316-8306

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Aug 2021 16:30
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 02:26

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Contributors

Author: Javier Padilla
Author: Javier Ramos
Author: Guillermo Romero Moreno ORCID iD
Author: Enrique Chueca

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