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Interventions to reduce fear of falling in community-living older people: a systematic review

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The objective was to assess which interventions effectively reduce fear of falling in community-living older people. An extensive search for relevant literature comprised a database search of PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; expert consultation; and manually searching reference lists from potentially relevant papers. Randomized, controlled trials that assessed fear of falling in community-living older people were included. Two independent reviewers extracted data from full papers on study characteristics, methodological quality, outcomes, and process characteristics of the intervention. The search identified 599 abstracts, and 19 papers met the inclusion criteria. Seven of those papers were identified using expert consultation. Fifty-five percent of all validity items and 39% of process characteristic items were fulfilled across the 19 trials. Twelve of the 19 papers were of higher methodological quality. In 11 of these trials, fear of falling was lower in the intervention group than in the control group. Interventions that showed effectiveness were fall-related multifactorial programs (n=5), tai chi interventions (n=3), exercise interventions (n=2), and a hip protector intervention (n=1). Three of these interventions explicitly aimed to reduce fear of falling. Several interventions, including interventions not explicitly aimed at fear of falling, resulted in a reduction of fear of falling in community-living older people. Limited but fairly consistent findings in trials of higher methodological quality showed that home-based exercise and fall-related multifactorial programs and community-based tai chi delivered in group format have been effective in reducing fear of falling in community-living older people

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Citation

Zijlstra, G.A. Rixt, van Haastregt, Jolanda C.M., van Rossum, Erik, van Eijk, Jacques Th.M., Yardley, Lucy and Kempen, Gertrudis I.J.M. (2007) Interventions to reduce fear of falling in community-living older people: a systematic review Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 55, pp. 603-617. (doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01148.x).

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Published date: 2007

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 45113
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/45113
ISSN: 0002-8614
PURE UUID: 70cb37c6-fde8-4c16-8014-e1287c1418bc

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Date deposited: 27 Mar 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:12

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Contributors

Author: G.A. Rixt Zijlstra
Author: Jolanda C.M. van Haastregt
Author: Erik van Rossum
Author: Jacques Th.M. van Eijk
Author: Lucy Yardley
Author: Gertrudis I.J.M. Kempen

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