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Pretesting boosts item but not source memory

Pretesting boosts item but not source memory
Pretesting boosts item but not source memory
Two experiments examined the effect of pretesting on target recognition and source memory. In an initial encoding phase, participants attempted to learn the common English definitions of rare English words. For each rare word, the participants either guessed the definition of the rare English word before it was revealed (Pretest condition) or just studied the complete word pair without first guessing the definition (Read-only condition). To manipulate source information, the targets were either presented in different colours (Experiment 1) or lists (Experiment 2). In both experiments, the participants correctly recognised more targets from Pretest trials than Read-only trials, but showed no difference in source memory. Pretesting, therefore, appears to improve target recognition memory, but not memory for contextual information. The results are discussed in relation to semantic and episodic theories of the pretesting effect.
0965-8211
Seabrooke, Tina
bf0d9ea5-8cf7-494b-9707-891762fce6c3
Mitchell, Chris J.
348942ac-ea98-494d-ba4c-21e85273575a
Hollins, Timothy J.
6717fa83-d36f-4b16-b5f8-129478f6ac50
Seabrooke, Tina
bf0d9ea5-8cf7-494b-9707-891762fce6c3
Mitchell, Chris J.
348942ac-ea98-494d-ba4c-21e85273575a
Hollins, Timothy J.
6717fa83-d36f-4b16-b5f8-129478f6ac50

Seabrooke, Tina, Mitchell, Chris J. and Hollins, Timothy J. (2021) Pretesting boosts item but not source memory. Memory. (doi:10.1080/09658211.2021.1977328).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Two experiments examined the effect of pretesting on target recognition and source memory. In an initial encoding phase, participants attempted to learn the common English definitions of rare English words. For each rare word, the participants either guessed the definition of the rare English word before it was revealed (Pretest condition) or just studied the complete word pair without first guessing the definition (Read-only condition). To manipulate source information, the targets were either presented in different colours (Experiment 1) or lists (Experiment 2). In both experiments, the participants correctly recognised more targets from Pretest trials than Read-only trials, but showed no difference in source memory. Pretesting, therefore, appears to improve target recognition memory, but not memory for contextual information. The results are discussed in relation to semantic and episodic theories of the pretesting effect.

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tpl-sourcememory (6)-accepted - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 1 September 2021
e-pub ahead of print date: 17 September 2021

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 451205
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/451205
ISSN: 0965-8211
PURE UUID: 18fc334d-7a1e-41ba-9a0f-d702c38aa5f1
ORCID for Tina Seabrooke: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4119-8389

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 14 Sep 2021 16:35
Last modified: 16 Nov 2021 03:05

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Contributors

Author: Tina Seabrooke ORCID iD
Author: Chris J. Mitchell
Author: Timothy J. Hollins

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