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Privacy and Trust in the Internet of Vehicles

Privacy and Trust in the Internet of Vehicles
Privacy and Trust in the Internet of Vehicles
The Internet of Vehicles aims to fundamentally improve transportation by connecting vehicles, drivers, passengers, and service providers together. Several new services such as parking space identification, platooning and intersection control—to name just a few—are expected to improve traffic congestion, reduce pollution, and improve the efficiency, safety and logistics of transportation. Proposed end-user services, however, make extensive use of private information with little consideration for the impact on users and third parties (those individuals whose information is indirectly involved). This article provides the first comprehensive overview of privacy and trust issues in the Internet of Vehicles at the service level. Various concerns over privacy are formalised into four basic categories: privacy of personal information, trust, consent to provide information, and multi-party privacy. To help analyse services and to facilitate future research, the main relevant end-user services are taxonomised according to voluntary and involuntary information they require and produce. Finally, this work identifies several open research problems and highlights general approaches to address them. These especially relate to measuring the trade-off between privacy and service functionality, automated consent negotiation, trust towards the IoV and its individual services, and identifying and resolving multi-party privacy conflicts.
Privacy, Trust, Internet of Vehicles, IoV, IoT, Connected vehicles
1524-9050
Zavvos, Efstathios
6d8f7292-47db-464b-8787-7ee854e66682
Gerding, Enrico
d9e92ee5-1a8c-4467-a689-8363e7743362
Yazdanpanah, Vahid
28f82058-5e51-4f56-be14-191ab5767d56
Maple, Carsten
1fca91f3-3b55-4035-94e3-40674d0f17c4
Stein, Sebastian
cb2325e7-5e63-475e-8a69-9db2dfbdb00b
schraefel, m.c.
ac304659-1692-47f6-b892-15113b8c929f
Zavvos, Efstathios
6d8f7292-47db-464b-8787-7ee854e66682
Gerding, Enrico
d9e92ee5-1a8c-4467-a689-8363e7743362
Yazdanpanah, Vahid
28f82058-5e51-4f56-be14-191ab5767d56
Maple, Carsten
1fca91f3-3b55-4035-94e3-40674d0f17c4
Stein, Sebastian
cb2325e7-5e63-475e-8a69-9db2dfbdb00b
schraefel, m.c.
ac304659-1692-47f6-b892-15113b8c929f

Zavvos, Efstathios, Gerding, Enrico, Yazdanpanah, Vahid, Maple, Carsten, Stein, Sebastian and schraefel, m.c. (2021) Privacy and Trust in the Internet of Vehicles. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. (doi:10.1109/TITS.2021.3121125). (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

The Internet of Vehicles aims to fundamentally improve transportation by connecting vehicles, drivers, passengers, and service providers together. Several new services such as parking space identification, platooning and intersection control—to name just a few—are expected to improve traffic congestion, reduce pollution, and improve the efficiency, safety and logistics of transportation. Proposed end-user services, however, make extensive use of private information with little consideration for the impact on users and third parties (those individuals whose information is indirectly involved). This article provides the first comprehensive overview of privacy and trust issues in the Internet of Vehicles at the service level. Various concerns over privacy are formalised into four basic categories: privacy of personal information, trust, consent to provide information, and multi-party privacy. To help analyse services and to facilitate future research, the main relevant end-user services are taxonomised according to voluntary and involuntary information they require and produce. Finally, this work identifies several open research problems and highlights general approaches to address them. These especially relate to measuring the trade-off between privacy and service functionality, automated consent negotiation, trust towards the IoV and its individual services, and identifying and resolving multi-party privacy conflicts.

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Privacy and Trust in the Internet of Vehicles - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 7 October 2021
Keywords: Privacy, Trust, Internet of Vehicles, IoV, IoT, Connected vehicles

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 451816
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/451816
ISSN: 1524-9050
PURE UUID: 75735afc-d423-43e0-ad9e-ff3b7602bfe6
ORCID for Enrico Gerding: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7200-552X
ORCID for Vahid Yazdanpanah: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4468-6193
ORCID for Sebastian Stein: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2858-8857

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 Oct 2021 16:34
Last modified: 30 Oct 2021 02:02

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Contributors

Author: Efstathios Zavvos
Author: Enrico Gerding ORCID iD
Author: Vahid Yazdanpanah ORCID iD
Author: Carsten Maple
Author: Sebastian Stein ORCID iD
Author: m.c. schraefel

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