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Mesh networking for intermittently-powered devices: Architecture and challenges

Mesh networking for intermittently-powered devices: Architecture and challenges
Mesh networking for intermittently-powered devices: Architecture and challenges
Recent advances in low-power computing enable energy harvesting-powered devices, even in energy scarce conditions. This reduces the reliance on batteries in Internet of Things devices, reducing the cost and enabling new application domains. However, energy scarcity requires devices to operate intermittently, with minimal stored energy and where high-cost radio frequency (RF) communication dominates the power consumption, so transceivers are disabled most of the time. For deployment in challenging environments without high capability neighboring devices, a peer-to-peer topology for intermittently powered devices is required. To remove the requirement for high capability devices, we categorize four receiver types harnessing RF power transfer for a wake-up from other intermittently powered devices. This mesh networking of homogeneous nodes could enable applications where high power coordinators are undesirable or impossible. In this article, we identify the cross-layer challenges of mesh networking with intermittently powered devices and we describe the node receiver hardware required for peer-to-peer networking with intermittently powered devices. We conclude with a case study of transceiver power consumption in this context.
0890-8044
Longman, Edward
bc1a7721-90e6-4ceb-ba0e-08216ee75d35
El-Hajjar, Mohammed
3a829028-a427-4123-b885-2bab81a44b6f
Cetinkaya, Oktay
6cb457a5-77b8-415d-b524-9e8728c35f0a
Merrett, Geoff
89b3a696-41de-44c3-89aa-b0aa29f54020
Longman, Edward
bc1a7721-90e6-4ceb-ba0e-08216ee75d35
El-Hajjar, Mohammed
3a829028-a427-4123-b885-2bab81a44b6f
Cetinkaya, Oktay
6cb457a5-77b8-415d-b524-9e8728c35f0a
Merrett, Geoff
89b3a696-41de-44c3-89aa-b0aa29f54020

Longman, Edward, El-Hajjar, Mohammed, Cetinkaya, Oktay and Merrett, Geoff (2022) Mesh networking for intermittently-powered devices: Architecture and challenges. IEEE Network. (doi:10.1109/MNET.105.2000782).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Recent advances in low-power computing enable energy harvesting-powered devices, even in energy scarce conditions. This reduces the reliance on batteries in Internet of Things devices, reducing the cost and enabling new application domains. However, energy scarcity requires devices to operate intermittently, with minimal stored energy and where high-cost radio frequency (RF) communication dominates the power consumption, so transceivers are disabled most of the time. For deployment in challenging environments without high capability neighboring devices, a peer-to-peer topology for intermittently powered devices is required. To remove the requirement for high capability devices, we categorize four receiver types harnessing RF power transfer for a wake-up from other intermittently powered devices. This mesh networking of homogeneous nodes could enable applications where high power coordinators are undesirable or impossible. In this article, we identify the cross-layer challenges of mesh networking with intermittently powered devices and we describe the node receiver hardware required for peer-to-peer networking with intermittently powered devices. We conclude with a case study of transceiver power consumption in this context.

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Mesh networking for intermittently powered devices - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 2 November 2021
Published date: February 2022

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 452826
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/452826
ISSN: 0890-8044
PURE UUID: 85aa10fe-60b4-455b-81df-17b1312c50c6
ORCID for Edward Longman: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3651-3161
ORCID for Mohammed El-Hajjar: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7987-1401
ORCID for Geoff Merrett: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4980-3894

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Date deposited: 21 Dec 2021 17:50
Last modified: 28 May 2022 01:56

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Contributors

Author: Edward Longman ORCID iD
Author: Mohammed El-Hajjar ORCID iD
Author: Oktay Cetinkaya
Author: Geoff Merrett ORCID iD

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