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Rates and delay times of Type Ia supernovae in the Dark Energy Survey

Rates and delay times of Type Ia supernovae in the Dark Energy Survey
Rates and delay times of Type Ia supernovae in the Dark Energy Survey
We use a sample of 809 photometrically classified Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) discovered by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) along with 40 415 field galaxies to calculate the rate of SNe Ia per galaxy in the redshift range 0.2 < z < 0.6. We recover the known correlation between SN Ia rate and galaxy stellar mass across a broad range of scales 8.5 ≤ log (M*/M) ≤ 11.25. We find that the SN Ia rate increases with stellar mass as a power law with index 0.63 ± 0.02, which is consistent with the previous work. We use an empirical model of stellar mass assembly to estimate the average star formation histories (SFHs) of galaxies across the stellar mass range of our measurement. Combining the modelled SFHs with the SN Ia rates to estimate constraints on the SN Ia delay time distribution (DTD), we find that the data are fit well by a power-law DTD with slope index β = -1.13 ± 0.05 and normalization A = 2.11 ± 0.05 × 10-13 SNe M-1 yr-1, which corresponds to an overall SN Ia production efficiency $N_{\mathrm{Ia}}/M_* = 0.9~_{-0.7}^{+4.0} \times 10^{-3}~\mathrm{SNe}~\mathrm{M}_{\odot }^{-1}$. Upon splitting the SN sample by properties of the light curves, we find a strong dependence on DTD slope with the SN decline rate, with slower-declining SNe exhibiting a steeper DTD slope. We interpret this as a result of a relationship between intrinsic luminosity and progenitor age, and explore the implications of the result in the context of SN Ia progenitors....
1365-2966
3330–3348
Wiseman, P.
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Sullivan, M.
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Smith, M.
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Frohmaier, C.
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Vincenzi, M.
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Graur, O.
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Popovic, B.
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Armstrong, P.
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Brout, D.
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Davis, T. M.
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Galbany, L.
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Hinton, S. R.
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Kelsey, L.
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Kessler, R.
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Lidman, C.
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Möller, A.
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Nichol, R. C.
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Rose, B.
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Scolnic, D.
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Toy, M.
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Zontou, Z.
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Asorey, J.
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Carollo, D.
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Glazebrook, K.
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Lewis, G. F.
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Tucker, B. E.
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Abbott, T. M. C.
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Aguena, M.
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Allam, S.
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Andrade-Oliveira, F.
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Annis, J.
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Bacon, D.
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Bertin, E.
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Brooks, D.
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Buckley-Geer, E.
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Burke, D. L.
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Carnero Rosell, A.
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Carrasco Kind, M.
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Carretero, J.
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Costanzi, M.
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da Costa, L. N.
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Pereira, M. E. S.
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Desai, S.
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Diehl, H. T.
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Doel, P.
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Everett, S.
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Ferrero, I.
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Flaugher, B.
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Fosalba, P.
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Frieman, J.
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García-Bellido, J.
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Gaztanaga, E.
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Giannantonio, T.
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Gruen, D.
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Gruendl, R. A.
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Gschwend, J.
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Gutierrez, G.
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Hollowood, D. L.
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Honscheid, K.
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Hoyle, B.
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James, D. J.
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Krause, E.
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Kuehn, K.
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Kuropatkin, N.
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Maia, M. A. G.
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Marshall, J. L.
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Martini, P.
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Menanteau, F.
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Miquel, R.
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Morgan, R.
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Ogando, R. L. C.
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Palmese, A.
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Paz-Chinchón, F.
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Petravick, D.
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Pieres, A.
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Plazas Malagón, A. A.
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Romer, A. K.
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Sanchez, E.
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Scarpine, V.
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Schubnell, M.
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Serrano, S.
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Sevilla-Noarbe, I.
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Soares-Santos, M.
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Suchyta, E.
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Swanson, M. E. C.
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Tarle, G.
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Thomas, D.
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To, C.
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Varga, T. N.
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Walker, A. R.
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Collaboration, DES
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Wiseman, P.
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Sullivan, M.
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Smith, M.
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Frohmaier, C.
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Vincenzi, M.
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Graur, O.
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Popovic, B.
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Armstrong, P.
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Brout, D.
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Davis, T. M.
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Galbany, L.
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Hinton, S. R.
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Kelsey, L.
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Kessler, R.
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Lidman, C.
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Möller, A.
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Nichol, R. C.
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Rose, B.
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Scolnic, D.
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Toy, M.
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Zontou, Z.
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Asorey, J.
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Carollo, D.
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Glazebrook, K.
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Lewis, G. F.
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Tucker, B. E.
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Abbott, T. M. C.
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Aguena, M.
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Allam, S.
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Andrade-Oliveira, F.
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Annis, J.
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Bacon, D.
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Bertin, E.
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Brooks, D.
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Buckley-Geer, E.
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Burke, D. L.
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Carnero Rosell, A.
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Carrasco Kind, M.
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Carretero, J.
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Costanzi, M.
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da Costa, L. N.
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Pereira, M. E. S.
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Desai, S.
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Diehl, H. T.
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Doel, P.
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Everett, S.
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Ferrero, I.
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Flaugher, B.
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Fosalba, P.
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Frieman, J.
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García-Bellido, J.
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Gaztanaga, E.
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Giannantonio, T.
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Gruen, D.
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Gruendl, R. A.
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Gschwend, J.
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Gutierrez, G.
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Hollowood, D. L.
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Honscheid, K.
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Hoyle, B.
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James, D. J.
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Krause, E.
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Kuehn, K.
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Kuropatkin, N.
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Maia, M. A. G.
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Marshall, J. L.
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Martini, P.
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Menanteau, F.
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Miquel, R.
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Morgan, R.
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Ogando, R. L. C.
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Palmese, A.
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Paz-Chinchón, F.
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Petravick, D.
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Pieres, A.
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Plazas Malagón, A. A.
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Romer, A. K.
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Sanchez, E.
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Scarpine, V.
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Schubnell, M.
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Serrano, S.
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Sevilla-Noarbe, I.
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Soares-Santos, M.
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Suchyta, E.
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Swanson, M. E. C.
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Tarle, G.
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Thomas, D.
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To, C.
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Varga, T. N.
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Walker, A. R.
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Collaboration, DES
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Wiseman, P., Sullivan, M., Smith, M., Frohmaier, C., Vincenzi, M., Graur, O., Popovic, B., Armstrong, P., Brout, D., Davis, T. M., Galbany, L., Hinton, S. R., Kelsey, L., Kessler, R., Lidman, C., Möller, A., Nichol, R. C., Rose, B., Scolnic, D., Toy, M., Zontou, Z., Asorey, J., Carollo, D., Glazebrook, K., Lewis, G. F., Tucker, B. E., Abbott, T. M. C., Aguena, M., Allam, S., Andrade-Oliveira, F., Annis, J., Bacon, D., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Costanzi, M., da Costa, L. N., Pereira, M. E. S., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Everett, S., Ferrero, I., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Giannantonio, T., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoyle, B., James, D. J., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Morgan, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Palmese, A., Paz-Chinchón, F., Petravick, D., Pieres, A., Plazas Malagón, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Soares-Santos, M., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., To, C., Varga, T. N., Walker, A. R. and Collaboration, DES (2021) Rates and delay times of Type Ia supernovae in the Dark Energy Survey. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 506 (3), 3330–3348. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stab1943).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We use a sample of 809 photometrically classified Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) discovered by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) along with 40 415 field galaxies to calculate the rate of SNe Ia per galaxy in the redshift range 0.2 < z < 0.6. We recover the known correlation between SN Ia rate and galaxy stellar mass across a broad range of scales 8.5 ≤ log (M*/M) ≤ 11.25. We find that the SN Ia rate increases with stellar mass as a power law with index 0.63 ± 0.02, which is consistent with the previous work. We use an empirical model of stellar mass assembly to estimate the average star formation histories (SFHs) of galaxies across the stellar mass range of our measurement. Combining the modelled SFHs with the SN Ia rates to estimate constraints on the SN Ia delay time distribution (DTD), we find that the data are fit well by a power-law DTD with slope index β = -1.13 ± 0.05 and normalization A = 2.11 ± 0.05 × 10-13 SNe M-1 yr-1, which corresponds to an overall SN Ia production efficiency $N_{\mathrm{Ia}}/M_* = 0.9~_{-0.7}^{+4.0} \times 10^{-3}~\mathrm{SNe}~\mathrm{M}_{\odot }^{-1}$. Upon splitting the SN sample by properties of the light curves, we find a strong dependence on DTD slope with the SN decline rate, with slower-declining SNe exhibiting a steeper DTD slope. We interpret this as a result of a relationship between intrinsic luminosity and progenitor age, and explore the implications of the result in the context of SN Ia progenitors....

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 2 July 2021
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 July 2021
Published date: September 2021

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 454640
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/454640
ISSN: 1365-2966
PURE UUID: ca010615-e85b-4df6-be82-35c4cb2cf347
ORCID for P. Wiseman: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3073-1512
ORCID for M. Sullivan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9053-4820

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Date deposited: 17 Feb 2022 17:42
Last modified: 30 Oct 2023 03:14

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Contributors

Author: P. Wiseman ORCID iD
Author: M. Sullivan ORCID iD
Author: M. Smith
Author: C. Frohmaier
Author: M. Vincenzi
Author: O. Graur
Author: B. Popovic
Author: P. Armstrong
Author: D. Brout
Author: T. M. Davis
Author: L. Galbany
Author: S. R. Hinton
Author: L. Kelsey
Author: R. Kessler
Author: C. Lidman
Author: A. Möller
Author: R. C. Nichol
Author: B. Rose
Author: D. Scolnic
Author: M. Toy
Author: Z. Zontou
Author: J. Asorey
Author: D. Carollo
Author: K. Glazebrook
Author: G. F. Lewis
Author: B. E. Tucker
Author: T. M. C. Abbott
Author: M. Aguena
Author: S. Allam
Author: F. Andrade-Oliveira
Author: J. Annis
Author: D. Bacon
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Author: A. Carnero Rosell
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Author: M. E. S. Pereira
Author: S. Desai
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Author: I. Ferrero
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Author: J. Frieman
Author: J. García-Bellido
Author: E. Gaztanaga
Author: T. Giannantonio
Author: D. Gruen
Author: R. A. Gruendl
Author: J. Gschwend
Author: G. Gutierrez
Author: D. L. Hollowood
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Author: D. J. James
Author: E. Krause
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Author: N. Kuropatkin
Author: M. A. G. Maia
Author: J. L. Marshall
Author: P. Martini
Author: F. Menanteau
Author: R. Miquel
Author: R. Morgan
Author: R. L. C. Ogando
Author: A. Palmese
Author: F. Paz-Chinchón
Author: D. Petravick
Author: A. Pieres
Author: A. A. Plazas Malagón
Author: A. K. Romer
Author: E. Sanchez
Author: V. Scarpine
Author: M. Schubnell
Author: S. Serrano
Author: I. Sevilla-Noarbe
Author: M. Soares-Santos
Author: E. Suchyta
Author: M. E. C. Swanson
Author: G. Tarle
Author: D. Thomas
Author: C. To
Author: T. N. Varga
Author: A. R. Walker
Author: DES Collaboration

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