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Big Data in maritime archaeology: challenges and prospects from the Middle East and North Africa

Big Data in maritime archaeology: challenges and prospects from the Middle East and North Africa
Big Data in maritime archaeology: challenges and prospects from the Middle East and North Africa

The Middle East and North Africa have witnessed a surfeit of geospatial data collection projects, resulting in big databases with powerful deductive capacities. Despite the valuable insights and expansive evidentiary record offered by those databases, emphasis on anthropogenic threats to cultural heritage, combined with a limited integration of local perspectives, have raised important questions on the ethical and epistemological dimensions of big data. This paper contextualizes maritime cultural heritage (MCH) in those debates through the lens of the Maritime Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa project (MarEA). MarEA is developing a unique for the region database for MCH designed to amalgamate a baseline record emphasizing spatial location, state of preservation, and vulnerability. This record will form a stepping stone toward finer-grained research on MCH and its interdisciplinary intersections. It is also developed as an information resource to facilitate local collaborators in prioritizing site monitoring and developing documentation, management, and mitigation strategies.

Libya, Oman, coastal erosion, cyclone, maritime cultural heritage, remote sensing
2042-4582
131-148
Andreou, Georgia
8cdaa5ba-9ed4-42ab-9784-38571d736839
Nikolaus, Julia
e475e5af-9616-4f4e-ac26-a99aabe966ce
Westley, Kieran
8a2c120d-53f8-4d89-b9d4-7f926b4e630e
El Safadi, Crystal
262bdcd0-1f88-41b9-915f-819dec8143dd
Blue, Lucy
576383f2-6dac-4e95-bde8-aa14bdc2461f
Smith, Ash
b96e38f2-1252-4762-949e-d69da182b80d
Breen, Colin
e88cd508-3da5-4fa5-a60a-e2f0c67a0bad
Andreou, Georgia
8cdaa5ba-9ed4-42ab-9784-38571d736839
Nikolaus, Julia
e475e5af-9616-4f4e-ac26-a99aabe966ce
Westley, Kieran
8a2c120d-53f8-4d89-b9d4-7f926b4e630e
El Safadi, Crystal
262bdcd0-1f88-41b9-915f-819dec8143dd
Blue, Lucy
576383f2-6dac-4e95-bde8-aa14bdc2461f
Smith, Ash
b96e38f2-1252-4762-949e-d69da182b80d
Breen, Colin
e88cd508-3da5-4fa5-a60a-e2f0c67a0bad

Andreou, Georgia, Nikolaus, Julia, Westley, Kieran, El Safadi, Crystal, Blue, Lucy, Smith, Ash and Breen, Colin (2022) Big Data in maritime archaeology: challenges and prospects from the Middle East and North Africa. Journal of Field Archaeology, 47 (3), 131-148. (doi:10.1080/00934690.2022.2028082).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The Middle East and North Africa have witnessed a surfeit of geospatial data collection projects, resulting in big databases with powerful deductive capacities. Despite the valuable insights and expansive evidentiary record offered by those databases, emphasis on anthropogenic threats to cultural heritage, combined with a limited integration of local perspectives, have raised important questions on the ethical and epistemological dimensions of big data. This paper contextualizes maritime cultural heritage (MCH) in those debates through the lens of the Maritime Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa project (MarEA). MarEA is developing a unique for the region database for MCH designed to amalgamate a baseline record emphasizing spatial location, state of preservation, and vulnerability. This record will form a stepping stone toward finer-grained research on MCH and its interdisciplinary intersections. It is also developed as an information resource to facilitate local collaborators in prioritizing site monitoring and developing documentation, management, and mitigation strategies.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 24 January 2022
Published date: 3 April 2022
Additional Information: Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Keywords: Libya, Oman, coastal erosion, cyclone, maritime cultural heritage, remote sensing

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 454747
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/454747
ISSN: 2042-4582
PURE UUID: 8ba46414-b288-4ec9-aa0e-690bdec435eb
ORCID for Georgia Andreou: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8557-9554
ORCID for Crystal El Safadi: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6399-5875
ORCID for Ash Smith: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5312-1189

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Date deposited: 22 Feb 2022 17:39
Last modified: 20 Jul 2022 02:02

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Contributors

Author: Georgia Andreou ORCID iD
Author: Julia Nikolaus
Author: Kieran Westley
Author: Lucy Blue
Author: Ash Smith ORCID iD
Author: Colin Breen

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