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IL-5 increases expression of 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein and translocates 5-lipoxygenase to the nucleus in human blood eosinophils

IL-5 increases expression of 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein and translocates 5-lipoxygenase to the nucleus in human blood eosinophils
IL-5 increases expression of 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein and translocates 5-lipoxygenase to the nucleus in human blood eosinophils

Cysteinyl-leukotrienes are potent bronchoconstrictor mediators synthesized by the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway. Eosinophilopoietic cytokines such as IL-5 enhance Cysteinyl-leukotriene synthesis in eosinophils in vitro, mimicking changes in eosinophils from asthmatic patients, but the mechanism is unknown. We hypothesized that IL-5 induces the expression of 5- LO and/or its activating protein FLAP in eosinophils, and that this might be modulated by anti-inflammatory corticosteroids. Compared with control cultures, IL-5 increased the proportion of normal blood eosinophils immunostaining for FLAP (65 ± 4 vs 34 ± 4%; p < 0.0001), enhanced immunoblot levels of FLAP by 51 ± 14% (p = 0.03), and quadrupled ionophore- stimulated leukotriene C4 synthesis from 5.7 to 20.8 ng/106 cells (p < 0.02). IL-5 effects persisted for 24 h and were abolished by cycloheximide and actinomycin D. The proportion of FLAP+ eosinophils was also increased by dexamethasone (p < 0.0001). Neither IL-5 nor dexamethasone altered 5-LO expression, but IL-5 significantly increased 5-LO immunofluorescence localizing to eosinophil nuclei. Compared with normal subjects, allergic asthmatic patients had a greater proportion of circulating FLAP+ eosinophils (46 ± 6 vs 27 ± 3%; p < 0.03) and a smaller IL-5-induced increase in FLAP immunoreactivity (p < 0.05). Thus, IL-5 increases FLAP expression and translocates 5-LO to the nucleus in normal blood eosinophils in vitro. This is associated with an enhanced capacity for cysteinyl-leukotriene synthesis and mimics in vivo increases in FLAP expression in eosinophils from allergic asthmatics.

0022-1767
456-465
Cowburn, Andrew S.
265baf1a-3607-403d-9e09-46f0fb193a0c
Holgate, Stephen T.
2e7c17a9-6796-436e-8772-1fe6d2ac5edc
Sampson, Anthony P.
4ca76f6f-ff35-425d-a7e7-c2bd2ea2df60
Cowburn, Andrew S.
265baf1a-3607-403d-9e09-46f0fb193a0c
Holgate, Stephen T.
2e7c17a9-6796-436e-8772-1fe6d2ac5edc
Sampson, Anthony P.
4ca76f6f-ff35-425d-a7e7-c2bd2ea2df60

Cowburn, Andrew S., Holgate, Stephen T. and Sampson, Anthony P. (1999) IL-5 increases expression of 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein and translocates 5-lipoxygenase to the nucleus in human blood eosinophils. Journal of Immunology, 163 (1), 456-465.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Cysteinyl-leukotrienes are potent bronchoconstrictor mediators synthesized by the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway. Eosinophilopoietic cytokines such as IL-5 enhance Cysteinyl-leukotriene synthesis in eosinophils in vitro, mimicking changes in eosinophils from asthmatic patients, but the mechanism is unknown. We hypothesized that IL-5 induces the expression of 5- LO and/or its activating protein FLAP in eosinophils, and that this might be modulated by anti-inflammatory corticosteroids. Compared with control cultures, IL-5 increased the proportion of normal blood eosinophils immunostaining for FLAP (65 ± 4 vs 34 ± 4%; p < 0.0001), enhanced immunoblot levels of FLAP by 51 ± 14% (p = 0.03), and quadrupled ionophore- stimulated leukotriene C4 synthesis from 5.7 to 20.8 ng/106 cells (p < 0.02). IL-5 effects persisted for 24 h and were abolished by cycloheximide and actinomycin D. The proportion of FLAP+ eosinophils was also increased by dexamethasone (p < 0.0001). Neither IL-5 nor dexamethasone altered 5-LO expression, but IL-5 significantly increased 5-LO immunofluorescence localizing to eosinophil nuclei. Compared with normal subjects, allergic asthmatic patients had a greater proportion of circulating FLAP+ eosinophils (46 ± 6 vs 27 ± 3%; p < 0.03) and a smaller IL-5-induced increase in FLAP immunoreactivity (p < 0.05). Thus, IL-5 increases FLAP expression and translocates 5-LO to the nucleus in normal blood eosinophils in vitro. This is associated with an enhanced capacity for cysteinyl-leukotriene synthesis and mimics in vivo increases in FLAP expression in eosinophils from allergic asthmatics.

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More information

Published date: 1 July 1999
Additional Information: Copyright: Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 455197
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/455197
ISSN: 0022-1767
PURE UUID: 95bc1ed1-1cd2-4cd9-9c84-27a5cbda9ae7
ORCID for Anthony P. Sampson: ORCID iD orcid.org/0009-0008-9653-8935

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Date deposited: 15 Mar 2022 17:33
Last modified: 03 Jun 2023 01:33

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Author: Andrew S. Cowburn

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