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Sandgrain roughness model for rough walls within Eulerian-Lagrangian predictions of turbulent flows

Sandgrain roughness model for rough walls within Eulerian-Lagrangian predictions of turbulent flows
Sandgrain roughness model for rough walls within Eulerian-Lagrangian predictions of turbulent flows

Wall roughness is known to have a significant influence on particle-laden wall-bounded flows directly affecting the particulate and the continuous phase. For sufficiently high mass loading the fluid flow is also indirectly altered by the particles subjected to collisions with rough walls. The paper is concerned with the question how the effect of rough walls on the particulate phase can be modeled taking a minimum of measured or empirically determined physical quantities into account. Following Nikuradse's idea, a sandgrain roughness model is proposed for the dispersed phase in which the wall is covered by a densely packed layer of sand grains idealized by mono-disperse spheres. Based on geometric considerations relying on generally used roughness parameters such as R z or R q the local inclination of the wall is determined in order to predict the inelastic collision of the particles with the wall including friction. The sandgrain model also takes the shadow effect into account leading to asymmetric probability density functions of the wall inclination angles, where the mean normal vector is turned towards the incoming particle trajectory. The wall model applicable in 3-D is evaluated in the context of four-way coupled large-eddy simulations for turbulent plane channel flow but is also applicable in direct numerical simulations or Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes predictions. A variety of test scenarios were considered including varying wall roughness values, several mass loadings and different particle sizes.

Dispersed two-phase flow, Eulerian-Lagrangian approach, Sandgrain roughness model, Shadow effect, Wall roughness
0301-9322
157-175
Breuer, M.
824d852c-cadf-43b5-8385-e61210ae6dc8
Alletto, M.
6309d17a-b21a-406b-b6f0-3e714b301fae
Langfeldt, F.
2bf86877-f2cd-4c35-be0f-e38a718a915c
Breuer, M.
824d852c-cadf-43b5-8385-e61210ae6dc8
Alletto, M.
6309d17a-b21a-406b-b6f0-3e714b301fae
Langfeldt, F.
2bf86877-f2cd-4c35-be0f-e38a718a915c

Breuer, M., Alletto, M. and Langfeldt, F. (2012) Sandgrain roughness model for rough walls within Eulerian-Lagrangian predictions of turbulent flows. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 43, 157-175. (doi:10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2012.03.002).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Wall roughness is known to have a significant influence on particle-laden wall-bounded flows directly affecting the particulate and the continuous phase. For sufficiently high mass loading the fluid flow is also indirectly altered by the particles subjected to collisions with rough walls. The paper is concerned with the question how the effect of rough walls on the particulate phase can be modeled taking a minimum of measured or empirically determined physical quantities into account. Following Nikuradse's idea, a sandgrain roughness model is proposed for the dispersed phase in which the wall is covered by a densely packed layer of sand grains idealized by mono-disperse spheres. Based on geometric considerations relying on generally used roughness parameters such as R z or R q the local inclination of the wall is determined in order to predict the inelastic collision of the particles with the wall including friction. The sandgrain model also takes the shadow effect into account leading to asymmetric probability density functions of the wall inclination angles, where the mean normal vector is turned towards the incoming particle trajectory. The wall model applicable in 3-D is evaluated in the context of four-way coupled large-eddy simulations for turbulent plane channel flow but is also applicable in direct numerical simulations or Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes predictions. A variety of test scenarios were considered including varying wall roughness values, several mass loadings and different particle sizes.

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More information

Published date: July 2012
Keywords: Dispersed two-phase flow, Eulerian-Lagrangian approach, Sandgrain roughness model, Shadow effect, Wall roughness

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 455402
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/455402
ISSN: 0301-9322
PURE UUID: 74275e0b-6339-482b-915d-eec9145ea660
ORCID for F. Langfeldt: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2380-2746

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 Mar 2022 17:34
Last modified: 22 Mar 2022 03:18

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Contributors

Author: M. Breuer
Author: M. Alletto
Author: F. Langfeldt ORCID iD

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