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Understanding Agile in Project Management

Understanding Agile in Project Management
Understanding Agile in Project Management
Whilst agile is prevalent in project practice, little of this is grounded in evidence and theory, and there is a lack of credible academic research in contrast to other aspects of the project management domain. There is ambiguity around what is agile within the profession and lots of questions remain unanswered in terms of how is agile being used, and how effective is it particularly outside of IT and software development. Also, the limited available literature does not tend to explore the challenges and barriers encountered with implementing agile.

This report does not present a single definition of agile for the project management community. Rather, we explore existing practice in order to discover whether agile is valuable to project management, and why. We set out to explore agile practice, without first providing a definition. This research makes steps towards an enhanced understanding of the use of agile in project management. It also provides illustrative case studies of projects applying agile. Challenges are discussed in the successful adoption of agile. We also explore the motivation for agile, which includes improved project delivery through enhanced flexibility, adaptability and responsiveness in complex, uncertain and challenging circumstances.

The research team gathered data using a mixed-method approach, including a systematic literature review, interviews with 31 cross-sector project professionals, and a survey that attracted over 600 responses. Both the interviews and survey data showed that agile is overwhelmingly recognised as beneficial to successful project delivery and project team performance.
Agile, Project Management, APM, Systematic Literature Review, Case Study, Survey
Association for Project Management
Dong, Hao
73a03c20-d661-446a-b45e-d2cf9e556998
Dacre, Nicholas
90ea8d3e-d0b1-4a5a-bead-f95ab32afbd1
Baxter, David
a7d6ba3f-370f-493d-9202-218d5e6dfc54
Ceylan, Serkan
10f75de1-16da-4458-8ee1-8abe0a1e90ac
Dong, Hao
73a03c20-d661-446a-b45e-d2cf9e556998
Dacre, Nicholas
90ea8d3e-d0b1-4a5a-bead-f95ab32afbd1
Baxter, David
a7d6ba3f-370f-493d-9202-218d5e6dfc54
Ceylan, Serkan
10f75de1-16da-4458-8ee1-8abe0a1e90ac

Dong, Hao, Dacre, Nicholas, Baxter, David and Ceylan, Serkan (2022) Understanding Agile in Project Management Association for Project Management 26pp.

Record type: Monograph (Project Report)

Abstract

Whilst agile is prevalent in project practice, little of this is grounded in evidence and theory, and there is a lack of credible academic research in contrast to other aspects of the project management domain. There is ambiguity around what is agile within the profession and lots of questions remain unanswered in terms of how is agile being used, and how effective is it particularly outside of IT and software development. Also, the limited available literature does not tend to explore the challenges and barriers encountered with implementing agile.

This report does not present a single definition of agile for the project management community. Rather, we explore existing practice in order to discover whether agile is valuable to project management, and why. We set out to explore agile practice, without first providing a definition. This research makes steps towards an enhanced understanding of the use of agile in project management. It also provides illustrative case studies of projects applying agile. Challenges are discussed in the successful adoption of agile. We also explore the motivation for agile, which includes improved project delivery through enhanced flexibility, adaptability and responsiveness in complex, uncertain and challenging circumstances.

The research team gathered data using a mixed-method approach, including a systematic literature review, interviews with 31 cross-sector project professionals, and a survey that attracted over 600 responses. Both the interviews and survey data showed that agile is overwhelmingly recognised as beneficial to successful project delivery and project team performance.

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More information

Published date: 23 February 2022
Keywords: Agile, Project Management, APM, Systematic Literature Review, Case Study, Survey

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 455475
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/455475
PURE UUID: 7b4fc9c0-7018-41db-a266-5cbeb4228791
ORCID for Hao Dong: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3458-4986
ORCID for David Baxter: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1983-7786

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 22 Mar 2022 17:43
Last modified: 23 Mar 2022 02:55

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Contributors

Author: Hao Dong ORCID iD
Author: Nicholas Dacre
Author: David Baxter ORCID iD
Author: Serkan Ceylan

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