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Productive robots and industrial employment: the role of national innovation systems

Productive robots and industrial employment: the role of national innovation systems
Productive robots and industrial employment: the role of national innovation systems
In a model with robots, and automatable and complementary human tasks, we examine robot-labour substitutions and show how it they are influenced by a country's "innovation system". Substitution depends on demand and production elasticities, and other factors influenced by the innovation system. Making use of World Economic Forum data we estimate the relationship for thirteen countries and find that countries with poor innovation capabilities substitute robots for workers much more than countries with richer innovation capabilities, which generally complement them. In transport equipment and non-manufacturing robots and workers are stronger substitutes than in other manufacturing.
15056
IZA
Kapetaniou, Chrystalla
67f0d2f2-4735-4474-8713-f7f53baa6c6d
Pissarides, Christopher A.
8b117c4a-fb31-43f3-a3db-8af43c96739d
Kapetaniou, Chrystalla
67f0d2f2-4735-4474-8713-f7f53baa6c6d
Pissarides, Christopher A.
8b117c4a-fb31-43f3-a3db-8af43c96739d

Kapetaniou, Chrystalla and Pissarides, Christopher A. (2022) Productive robots and industrial employment: the role of national innovation systems (HASH(0x8ee0b78), 15056) IZA 57pp.

Record type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)

Abstract

In a model with robots, and automatable and complementary human tasks, we examine robot-labour substitutions and show how it they are influenced by a country's "innovation system". Substitution depends on demand and production elasticities, and other factors influenced by the innovation system. Making use of World Economic Forum data we estimate the relationship for thirteen countries and find that countries with poor innovation capabilities substitute robots for workers much more than countries with richer innovation capabilities, which generally complement them. In transport equipment and non-manufacturing robots and workers are stronger substitutes than in other manufacturing.

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Productive Robots and Industrial Employment - Other
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Published date: February 2022

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Local EPrints ID: 456014
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/456014
PURE UUID: 09d288b6-4bf7-4825-85a9-fed077a4e068

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Date deposited: 12 Apr 2022 16:39
Last modified: 26 Apr 2022 11:11

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Contributors

Author: Christopher A. Pissarides

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