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Digital tools to support the maintenance of physical activity in people with long-term conditions: A scoping review

Digital tools to support the maintenance of physical activity in people with long-term conditions: A scoping review
Digital tools to support the maintenance of physical activity in people with long-term conditions: A scoping review
ObjectiveThis scoping review aimed to bring together and identify digital tools that support people with one or more long-term conditions to maintain physical activity and describe their components and theoretical underpinnings.MethodsSearches were conducted in Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Medline, EMBASE, IEEE Xplore, PsycINFO, Scopus, Google Scholar and clinical trial databases, for studies published between 2009 and 2019, across a range of long-term conditions. Screening and data extraction was undertaken by two independent reviewers and the Preferred Reporting Items for Scoping Reviews guidelines informed the review's conduct and reporting.ResultsA total of 38 results were identified from 34 studies, with the majority randomised controlled trials or protocols, with cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity the most common long-term conditions. Comorbidities were reported in >50% of studies but did not clearly inform intervention development. Most digital tools were web-browser-based ± wearables/trackers, telerehabilitation tools or gaming devices/components. Mobile device applications and combination short message service/activity trackers/wearables were also identified. Most interventions were supported by a facilitator, often for goal setting/feedback and/or monitoring. Physical activity maintenance outcomes were mostly reported at 9 months or 3 months post-intervention, while theoretical underpinnings were commonly social cognitive theory, the transtheoretical model and the theory of planned behaviour.ConclusionsThis review mapped the literature on a wide range of digital tools and long-term conditions. It identified the increasing use of digital tools, in combination with human support, to help people with long-term conditions, to maintain physical activity, commonly for under a year post-intervention. Clear gaps were the lack of digital tools for multimorbid long-term conditions, longer-term follow-ups, understanding participant's experiences and informs future questions around effectiveness.
figshare SAGE Publications
Clarkson, Paul
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Stephenson, Aoife
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Grimmett, Chloe
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Cook, Katherine
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Clark, Carol
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Muckelt, Paul E
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O’Gorman, Philip
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Saynor, Zoe
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Adams, Jo
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Stokes, Maria
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McDonough, Suzanne
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Clarkson, Paul
00104630-e64b-456c-b8ac-2d697c5776d9
Stephenson, Aoife
5a8c683f-c9c1-47e7-b056-db09463c6974
Grimmett, Chloe
7f27e85b-2850-481d-a7dd-2835e1a925cd
Cook, Katherine
a25c31c2-f692-4ede-b6ff-4cce7819985f
Clark, Carol
34cc183a-11a8-4718-a2c5-8e684afb551b
Muckelt, Paul E
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O’Gorman, Philip
24e57a39-5c73-4548-963d-0efdf43306cb
Saynor, Zoe
1e3fead5-877e-4045-95d5-c4c97f8b0547
Adams, Jo
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Stokes, Maria
71730503-70ce-4e67-b7ea-a3e54579717f
McDonough, Suzanne
705739c0-b59d-4ea9-bc70-cf220f4d7ad2

(2022) Digital tools to support the maintenance of physical activity in people with long-term conditions: A scoping review. figshare SAGE Publications doi:10.25384/sage.c.5942035.v1 [Dataset]

Record type: Dataset

Abstract

ObjectiveThis scoping review aimed to bring together and identify digital tools that support people with one or more long-term conditions to maintain physical activity and describe their components and theoretical underpinnings.MethodsSearches were conducted in Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Medline, EMBASE, IEEE Xplore, PsycINFO, Scopus, Google Scholar and clinical trial databases, for studies published between 2009 and 2019, across a range of long-term conditions. Screening and data extraction was undertaken by two independent reviewers and the Preferred Reporting Items for Scoping Reviews guidelines informed the review's conduct and reporting.ResultsA total of 38 results were identified from 34 studies, with the majority randomised controlled trials or protocols, with cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity the most common long-term conditions. Comorbidities were reported in >50% of studies but did not clearly inform intervention development. Most digital tools were web-browser-based ± wearables/trackers, telerehabilitation tools or gaming devices/components. Mobile device applications and combination short message service/activity trackers/wearables were also identified. Most interventions were supported by a facilitator, often for goal setting/feedback and/or monitoring. Physical activity maintenance outcomes were mostly reported at 9 months or 3 months post-intervention, while theoretical underpinnings were commonly social cognitive theory, the transtheoretical model and the theory of planned behaviour.ConclusionsThis review mapped the literature on a wide range of digital tools and long-term conditions. It identified the increasing use of digital tools, in combination with human support, to help people with long-term conditions, to maintain physical activity, commonly for under a year post-intervention. Clear gaps were the lack of digital tools for multimorbid long-term conditions, longer-term follow-ups, understanding participant's experiences and informs future questions around effectiveness.

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Published date: 2022

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Local EPrints ID: 456547
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/456547
PURE UUID: e9970e3a-c7d0-4ee3-b36b-0245b3270096
ORCID for Chloe Grimmett: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7540-7206
ORCID for Maria Stokes: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4204-0890

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Date deposited: 04 May 2022 17:26
Last modified: 22 Nov 2022 02:41

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Contributors

Contributor: Paul Clarkson
Contributor: Aoife Stephenson
Contributor: Chloe Grimmett ORCID iD
Contributor: Katherine Cook
Contributor: Carol Clark
Contributor: Paul E Muckelt
Contributor: Philip O’Gorman
Contributor: Zoe Saynor
Contributor: Jo Adams
Contributor: Maria Stokes ORCID iD
Contributor: Suzanne McDonough

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