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Return versus onward migration: go back or move on?

Return versus onward migration: go back or move on?
Return versus onward migration: go back or move on?
This paper examines the impact of unemployment on out-migration by distinguishing between return and onward migration and controlling for total earnings. We use Timing-of-Events models and control for the endogeneity of total earnings, unemployment and out-migration using administrative data from the Netherlands. Our findings suggest that unemployment triggers return migration more than onward migration. When total earnings are low unemployment increases the hazard of return migration. When total earnings are high the hazard rate of onward migration for unemployed immigrants increases. Thus, these findings highlight that out-migration is affected both by unemployment and by total earnings as well as by the interaction between the two.
migration dynamics, target savers, temporary migration, unemployment
0034-6586
Bijwaard, Govert E.
129de019-562d-471d-8c3e-c0784cb61556
Wahba, Jackline
03ae9304-c329-40c6-9bfc-d91cfa9e7164
Bijwaard, Govert E.
129de019-562d-471d-8c3e-c0784cb61556
Wahba, Jackline
03ae9304-c329-40c6-9bfc-d91cfa9e7164

Bijwaard, Govert E. and Wahba, Jackline (2022) Return versus onward migration: go back or move on? Review of Income and Wealth. (doi:10.1111/roiw.12590).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of unemployment on out-migration by distinguishing between return and onward migration and controlling for total earnings. We use Timing-of-Events models and control for the endogeneity of total earnings, unemployment and out-migration using administrative data from the Netherlands. Our findings suggest that unemployment triggers return migration more than onward migration. When total earnings are low unemployment increases the hazard of return migration. When total earnings are high the hazard rate of onward migration for unemployed immigrants increases. Thus, these findings highlight that out-migration is affected both by unemployment and by total earnings as well as by the interaction between the two.

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Review of Income and Wealth - 2022 - Bijwaard - Return Versus onward Migration Go Back or Move On (1) - Version of Record
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 4 May 2022
e-pub ahead of print date: 4 May 2022
Additional Information: Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors. Review of Income and Wealth published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Association for Research in Income and Wealth. Copyright: Copyright 2022 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
Keywords: migration dynamics, target savers, temporary migration, unemployment

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 457253
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/457253
ISSN: 0034-6586
PURE UUID: 09404aac-4928-4301-95e1-f180d7bd54ac
ORCID for Jackline Wahba: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0002-3443

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 May 2022 16:58
Last modified: 28 Jul 2022 01:35

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Contributors

Author: Govert E. Bijwaard
Author: Jackline Wahba ORCID iD

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