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Family-focused contextual factors associated with lifestyle patterns in young children from two mother-offspring cohorts: GUSTO and EDEN

Family-focused contextual factors associated with lifestyle patterns in young children from two mother-offspring cohorts: GUSTO and EDEN
Family-focused contextual factors associated with lifestyle patterns in young children from two mother-offspring cohorts: GUSTO and EDEN
Abstract Background Integrated patterns of energy balance-related behaviours of preschool children in Asia are sparse, with few comparative analyses. Purpose Using cohorts in Singapore (GUSTO) and France (EDEN), we characterized lifestyle patterns of children and investigated their associations with family-focused contextual factors. Methods Ten behavioural variables related to child’s diet, walking, outdoor play and screen time were ascertained by parental questionnaires at age 5–6 years. Using principal component analysis, sex-specific lifestyle patterns were derived independently for 630 GUSTO and 989 EDEN children. Contextual variables were organised into distal (family socio-economics, demographics), intermediate (parental health, lifestyle habits) and proximal (parent-child interaction factors) levels of influence and analysed with hierarchical linear regression. Results Three broadly similar lifestyle patterns were identified in both cohorts: “discretionary consumption and high screen time”, “fruit, vegetables, and low screen time” and “high outdoor playtime and walking”. The latter two patterns showed small differences between cohorts and sexes. The “discretionary consumption and high screen time” pattern was consistently similar in both cohorts; distal associated factors were lower maternal education (EDEN boys), no younger siblings (GUSTO boys) and Malay/Indian ethnicity (GUSTO), while intermediate and proximal associated factors in both cohorts and sexes were poor maternal diets during pregnancy, parents allowing high child control over food intake, snacking between meals and having television on while eating. Conclusions Three similar lifestyle patterns were observed among preschool children in Singapore and France. There were more common associated proximal factors than distal ones. Cohort specific family-focused contextual factors likely reflect differences in social and cultural settings. Findings will aid development of strategies to improve child health.
figshare Academic Research System
Chia, Airu
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Descarpentrie, Alexandra
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Cheong, Rene N.
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Toh, Jia Ying
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Natarajan, Padmapriya
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Sugianto, Ray
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Cai, Shirong
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Saldanha-Gomes, Cécilia
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Dargent-Molina, Patricia
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de Lauzon-Guillain, Blandine
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Plancoulaine, Sabine
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Lança, Carla
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Saw, Seang Mei
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Godfrey, Keith M.
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Shek, Lynette P.
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Tan, Kok Hian
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Charles, Marie-Aline
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Chong, Yap Seng
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Heude, Barbara
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Eriksson, Johan G.
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Bernard, Jonathan Y.
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Chia, Airu
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Descarpentrie, Alexandra
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Cheong, Rene N.
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Toh, Jia Ying
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Natarajan, Padmapriya
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Sugianto, Ray
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Cai, Shirong
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Dargent-Molina, Patricia
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Plancoulaine, Sabine
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Lança, Carla
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Saw, Seang Mei
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Godfrey, Keith M.
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Tan, Kok Hian
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Charles, Marie-Aline
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Chong, Yap Seng
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Heude, Barbara
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Chong, Mary F.-F.
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Bernard, Jonathan Y.
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(2022) Family-focused contextual factors associated with lifestyle patterns in young children from two mother-offspring cohorts: GUSTO and EDEN. figshare Academic Research System doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5898625.v1 [Dataset]

Record type: Dataset

Abstract

Abstract Background Integrated patterns of energy balance-related behaviours of preschool children in Asia are sparse, with few comparative analyses. Purpose Using cohorts in Singapore (GUSTO) and France (EDEN), we characterized lifestyle patterns of children and investigated their associations with family-focused contextual factors. Methods Ten behavioural variables related to child’s diet, walking, outdoor play and screen time were ascertained by parental questionnaires at age 5–6 years. Using principal component analysis, sex-specific lifestyle patterns were derived independently for 630 GUSTO and 989 EDEN children. Contextual variables were organised into distal (family socio-economics, demographics), intermediate (parental health, lifestyle habits) and proximal (parent-child interaction factors) levels of influence and analysed with hierarchical linear regression. Results Three broadly similar lifestyle patterns were identified in both cohorts: “discretionary consumption and high screen time”, “fruit, vegetables, and low screen time” and “high outdoor playtime and walking”. The latter two patterns showed small differences between cohorts and sexes. The “discretionary consumption and high screen time” pattern was consistently similar in both cohorts; distal associated factors were lower maternal education (EDEN boys), no younger siblings (GUSTO boys) and Malay/Indian ethnicity (GUSTO), while intermediate and proximal associated factors in both cohorts and sexes were poor maternal diets during pregnancy, parents allowing high child control over food intake, snacking between meals and having television on while eating. Conclusions Three similar lifestyle patterns were observed among preschool children in Singapore and France. There were more common associated proximal factors than distal ones. Cohort specific family-focused contextual factors likely reflect differences in social and cultural settings. Findings will aid development of strategies to improve child health.

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Published date: 2022

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 457362
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/457362
PURE UUID: 470b2d98-9f4b-4f72-ad30-bb5d5240a620
ORCID for Keith M. Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618

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Date deposited: 01 Jun 2022 16:47
Last modified: 22 Nov 2022 02:32

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Contributors

Contributor: Airu Chia
Contributor: Alexandra Descarpentrie
Contributor: Rene N. Cheong
Contributor: Jia Ying Toh
Contributor: Padmapriya Natarajan
Contributor: Ray Sugianto
Contributor: Shirong Cai
Contributor: Cécilia Saldanha-Gomes
Contributor: Patricia Dargent-Molina
Contributor: Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain
Contributor: Sabine Plancoulaine
Contributor: Carla Lança
Contributor: Seang Mei Saw
Contributor: Keith M. Godfrey ORCID iD
Contributor: Lynette P. Shek
Contributor: Kok Hian Tan
Contributor: Marie-Aline Charles
Contributor: Yap Seng Chong
Contributor: Barbara Heude
Contributor: Johan G. Eriksson
Contributor: Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
Contributor: Sandrine Lioret
Contributor: Mary F.-F. Chong
Contributor: Jonathan Y. Bernard

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