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Microscopic spacial effect on the dispersion polymerization in scCO2

Microscopic spacial effect on the dispersion polymerization in scCO2
Microscopic spacial effect on the dispersion polymerization in scCO2
We report for the first time the microscopic spacial effect on the dispersion polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2). A variety of different-sized high-pressure vessels including microstructured holey optical fiber were employed to conduct the polymerization reactions. The molecular weights of the polymer products indicate that the function of the stabilizer and the process of chain growth are not significantly influenced. However, the SEM images show a gradual loss of the controlled morphology for the polymer products in reactors of dimension less than 1 mm under the same reaction conditions. This study provides a better understanding of the mechanism of the dispersion polymerization progress and gives a very important caution on the performance of microreactors.
Short communication. Polymerization in supercritical CO2 is investigated, including unusual microfluidic reactors such as microstructured optical fibres. In microreactors of critical dimension <1 mm polymer chain growth is unchanged; however the morphology of the polymer is heavily modified. This provides an important caution on the performance of microreactors as a function of size.
microreactor, dispersion polymerization, methyl methacrylatem optical fiber
0014-3057
663-667.
Yang, Jixin
15b184c3-6dd3-44ce-add1-c2673516becc
Wang, Wenxin
76876fd8-f838-4a23-8763-1c8bfecd4b0b
Sazio, Pier J.A.
0d6200b5-9947-469a-8e97-9147da8a7158
Howdle, Steven M.
ec70f53e-a5df-4e99-9da2-f90582dde80b
Yang, Jixin
15b184c3-6dd3-44ce-add1-c2673516becc
Wang, Wenxin
76876fd8-f838-4a23-8763-1c8bfecd4b0b
Sazio, Pier J.A.
0d6200b5-9947-469a-8e97-9147da8a7158
Howdle, Steven M.
ec70f53e-a5df-4e99-9da2-f90582dde80b

Yang, Jixin, Wang, Wenxin, Sazio, Pier J.A. and Howdle, Steven M. (2007) Microscopic spacial effect on the dispersion polymerization in scCO2 European Polymer Journal, 43, (2), 663-667.. (doi:10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2006.11.007).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We report for the first time the microscopic spacial effect on the dispersion polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2). A variety of different-sized high-pressure vessels including microstructured holey optical fiber were employed to conduct the polymerization reactions. The molecular weights of the polymer products indicate that the function of the stabilizer and the process of chain growth are not significantly influenced. However, the SEM images show a gradual loss of the controlled morphology for the polymer products in reactors of dimension less than 1 mm under the same reaction conditions. This study provides a better understanding of the mechanism of the dispersion polymerization progress and gives a very important caution on the performance of microreactors.
Short communication. Polymerization in supercritical CO2 is investigated, including unusual microfluidic reactors such as microstructured optical fibres. In microreactors of critical dimension <1 mm polymer chain growth is unchanged; however the morphology of the polymer is heavily modified. This provides an important caution on the performance of microreactors as a function of size.

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More information

Published date: February 2007
Keywords: microreactor, dispersion polymerization, methyl methacrylatem optical fiber
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre, Quantum, Light & Matter Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 45737
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/45737
ISSN: 0014-3057
PURE UUID: 180a34cd-4455-47b2-8b33-e8e982196dfa
ORCID for Pier J.A. Sazio: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6506-9266

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 Jun 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:11

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