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Maritime cultural heritage and urbanisation in the Middle East and North Africa

Maritime cultural heritage and urbanisation in the Middle East and North Africa
Maritime cultural heritage and urbanisation in the Middle East and North Africa
Urbanisation, comprising development, land reclamation and population growth along coastal margins, continues to place significant pressure on the maritime cultural heritage (MCH), particularly in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Thus, there is a growing need for ascertaining the extent of the affected MCH resource and its condition. One such assessment is being undertaken by the Maritime Endangered Archaeology (MarEA) project, which is generating a unique informed database of the maritime resource in the MENA region. Through a regional overview combined with focused assessment on two case studies – Marsa Matruh (Egypt) and Bahrain – this paper demonstrates the threat urbanisation poses and the damage it has inflicted on MCH. The analyses and documentation that MarEA produces via remote sensing, desk-based and field-based assessments, constitutes a valuable resource that, at the very least, exists in digital perpetuity. It establishes a record that can be drawn upon to formulate targeted strategies and initiatives inclusive of the maritime cultural heritage resource.
Endangered Archaeology, Middle East and North Africa, Urbanisation, coastal development, heritage database, maritime cultural heritage
1756-7505
El Safadi, Crystal
262bdcd0-1f88-41b9-915f-819dec8143dd
Ray, Nick
c9927efb-7286-46bb-b1d3-654e898a101a
Ortiz Vazquez, Rodrigo
03709f02-1e60-4c5b-8fd2-a4c0e01e4b28
Nikolaus, Julia
e475e5af-9616-4f4e-ac26-a99aabe966ce
Blue, Lucy
576383f2-6dac-4e95-bde8-aa14bdc2461f
Westley, Kieran
8a2c120d-53f8-4d89-b9d4-7f926b4e630e
Andreou, Georgia
8cdaa5ba-9ed4-42ab-9784-38571d736839
Breen, Colin
e88cd508-3da5-4fa5-a60a-e2f0c67a0bad
El Safadi, Crystal
262bdcd0-1f88-41b9-915f-819dec8143dd
Ray, Nick
c9927efb-7286-46bb-b1d3-654e898a101a
Ortiz Vazquez, Rodrigo
03709f02-1e60-4c5b-8fd2-a4c0e01e4b28
Nikolaus, Julia
e475e5af-9616-4f4e-ac26-a99aabe966ce
Blue, Lucy
576383f2-6dac-4e95-bde8-aa14bdc2461f
Westley, Kieran
8a2c120d-53f8-4d89-b9d4-7f926b4e630e
Andreou, Georgia
8cdaa5ba-9ed4-42ab-9784-38571d736839
Breen, Colin
e88cd508-3da5-4fa5-a60a-e2f0c67a0bad

El Safadi, Crystal, Ray, Nick, Ortiz Vazquez, Rodrigo, Nikolaus, Julia, Blue, Lucy, Westley, Kieran, Andreou, Georgia and Breen, Colin (2022) Maritime cultural heritage and urbanisation in the Middle East and North Africa. The Historic Environment. (doi:10.1080/17567505.2022.2075070).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Urbanisation, comprising development, land reclamation and population growth along coastal margins, continues to place significant pressure on the maritime cultural heritage (MCH), particularly in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Thus, there is a growing need for ascertaining the extent of the affected MCH resource and its condition. One such assessment is being undertaken by the Maritime Endangered Archaeology (MarEA) project, which is generating a unique informed database of the maritime resource in the MENA region. Through a regional overview combined with focused assessment on two case studies – Marsa Matruh (Egypt) and Bahrain – this paper demonstrates the threat urbanisation poses and the damage it has inflicted on MCH. The analyses and documentation that MarEA produces via remote sensing, desk-based and field-based assessments, constitutes a valuable resource that, at the very least, exists in digital perpetuity. It establishes a record that can be drawn upon to formulate targeted strategies and initiatives inclusive of the maritime cultural heritage resource.

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17567505.2022 - Version of Record
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 2022
e-pub ahead of print date: 16 May 2022
Keywords: Endangered Archaeology, Middle East and North Africa, Urbanisation, coastal development, heritage database, maritime cultural heritage

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 457470
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/457470
ISSN: 1756-7505
PURE UUID: fe89ada3-331a-43a3-812c-e1a721e2e464
ORCID for Crystal El Safadi: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6399-5875
ORCID for Rodrigo Ortiz Vazquez: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3451-0952
ORCID for Georgia Andreou: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8557-9554

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 09 Jun 2022 16:52
Last modified: 14 Jul 2022 02:04

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Contributors

Author: Nick Ray
Author: Julia Nikolaus
Author: Lucy Blue
Author: Kieran Westley
Author: Georgia Andreou ORCID iD
Author: Colin Breen

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