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The Almajiri Heritage and the threat of non-state terrorism in northern Nigeria: lessons from central Asia and Pakistan

Awofeso, Niyi, Ritchie, Jan and Degeling, Pieter (2003) The Almajiri Heritage and the threat of non-state terrorism in northern Nigeria: lessons from central Asia and Pakistan Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 26, (4), pp. 311-325. (doi:10.1080/10576100390208260).

Record type: Article


The Almajiri heritage is, like the madrassahs in Central Asia, a system of Muslim education that dates back several centuries. With the imposition of British colonial rule between 1902 and 1960 on parts of the Sokoto Empire that currently constitute northern Nigeria, the North's amalgamation with Southern Nigerian British protectorates in 1914, and the formal abolition of slavery in northern Nigeria in 1936, this heritage underwent major structural and functional transformations. Given the lessons from the 1980 Maitatsine terrorist insurgence in Kano, Nigeria, and the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in northern Nigeria since 1999, a potential exists that the heritage may evolve into an apparatus for perpetuating non-state terrorism. Drawing on the trajectory of similar educational systems in Central Asia prior to, during, and following Russian communist rule, this article outlines reasons for the growing terrorist potential of the Almajiri heritage, and suggests measures for avoiding such trajectories.

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Published date: April 2003
Keywords: terrorism


Local EPrints ID: 46210
ISSN: 1521-0731
PURE UUID: dca9b5d8-b74a-45f4-876c-6bc44ae45dd4

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Date deposited: 01 Jun 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:08

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Author: Niyi Awofeso
Author: Jan Ritchie
Author: Pieter Degeling

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