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Memory for in-group and out-group information in a minimal group context: the self as an informational base

Memory for in-group and out-group information in a minimal group context: the self as an informational base
Memory for in-group and out-group information in a minimal group context: the self as an informational base
The authors argue that persons derive in-group expectancies from self-knowledge. This implies that perceivers process information about novel in-groups on the basis of the self-congruency of this information and not simply its valence. In Experiment 1, participants recalled more negative self-discrepant behaviors about an in-group than about an out-group. Experiment 2 replicated this effect under low cognitive load but not under high load. Experiment 3 replicated the effect using an idiographic procedure. These findings suggest that perceivers engage in elaborative inconsistency processing when they encounter negative self-discrepant information about an in-group but not when they encounter negative self-congruent information. Participants were also more likely to attribute self-congruent information to the in-group than to the out-group, regardless of information valence. Implications for models of social memory and self-categorization theory are discussed.
0022-3514
188-205
Gramzow, Richard H.
59d755fb-4c53-459b-93e8-afdb9709addc
Gaertner, Lowell
94e37daf-7d1b-431e-9df3-efad4f0bc91c
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Gramzow, Richard H.
59d755fb-4c53-459b-93e8-afdb9709addc
Gaertner, Lowell
94e37daf-7d1b-431e-9df3-efad4f0bc91c
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2

Gramzow, Richard H., Gaertner, Lowell and Sedikides, Constantine (2001) Memory for in-group and out-group information in a minimal group context: the self as an informational base. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80 (2), 188-205. (doi:10.1037/0022-3514.80.2.188).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The authors argue that persons derive in-group expectancies from self-knowledge. This implies that perceivers process information about novel in-groups on the basis of the self-congruency of this information and not simply its valence. In Experiment 1, participants recalled more negative self-discrepant behaviors about an in-group than about an out-group. Experiment 2 replicated this effect under low cognitive load but not under high load. Experiment 3 replicated the effect using an idiographic procedure. These findings suggest that perceivers engage in elaborative inconsistency processing when they encounter negative self-discrepant information about an in-group but not when they encounter negative self-congruent information. Participants were also more likely to attribute self-congruent information to the in-group than to the out-group, regardless of information valence. Implications for models of social memory and self-categorization theory are discussed.

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Published date: February 2001

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 46262
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/46262
ISSN: 0022-3514
PURE UUID: 23ab5409-12a5-47d1-bac8-e1e7a8c88244

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Date deposited: 08 Jun 2007
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 21:03

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