Qiu, Y. and Griffin, M.J.
Transmission of vibration to the backrest of a car seat evaluated with multi-input models
Journal of Sound and Vibration, 274, (1-2), . (doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2003.05.015).
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The transmission of vibration to the occupant of a car seat has been studied using the multiple vibration inputs to the seat. Twelve input signals at the seat base (tri-axial vibration at the four corners) and six output signals (tri-axial vibration at the backrest and seat pan) were measured while driving. The results showed that vibration inputs to the seat varied between the four positions at the seat base. The two fore-aft input accelerations at the left-hand side of the seat base and the two fore-aft input accelerations at the right-hand side of the seat base were highly correlated with each other. There was also a high correlation between the two pairs of lateral acceleration inputs at the front and rear of the seat base. A computer program for studying seat vibration transmission via multi-input channels was developed to allow the calculation of seat transmissibility with up to 12 different inputs. The transmission of multi-axis seat base vibration to fore-aft seat backrest vibration was investigated using single-input, two-input, six-input and eight-input models. Results showed that the fore-aft vibration and the vertical vibration, but not lateral vibration, at the four corners of the seat base contributed to fore-aft vibration of the backrest. The primary peak of the fore-aft backrest transmissibility occurred around 4–5 Hz. The coherency was improved when using the multi-input models, although the characteristics of the transmissibility remained similar. The transmission of lateral vibration at the seat base to lateral vibration at the backrest was studied using single-input and two-input models. With single-input models, the transmission of lateral acceleration at the seat base to lateral acceleration at the backrest was amplified between 18 and 35 Hz, with a peak at 26 Hz. Coherency was greater at frequencies above 20 Hz than at lower frequencies. The coherency at low frequencies was increased with a two-input model. The transmission of vertical vibration to vertical vibration at the backrest was investigated using single-input, four-input and six-input models. The results showed that vertical acceleration at the four corners of the seat base was highly correlated with vertical acceleration at the backrest. The results are consistent with previous findings that a single-input model is not sufficient to study the transmission of vibration to the seat back in the horizontal directions, while for the transmission of vertical vibration a single-input model is probably sufficient, especially when low frequencies are of main concern.
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