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Alcohol Dehydrogenase Biosensor based on Poly (Aniline)-Poly (Vinylsulfonate) modified electrode and enhancement effect of CA2+ ions on the Electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH at Poly(Aniline)-Poly (Vinylsulfonate) and Poly (Aniline)-Poly (Styrenesulfonate) modified Electrodes

Alcohol Dehydrogenase Biosensor based on Poly (Aniline)-Poly (Vinylsulfonate) modified electrode and enhancement effect of CA2+ ions on the Electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH at Poly(Aniline)-Poly (Vinylsulfonate) and Poly (Aniline)-Poly (Styrenesulfonate) modified Electrodes
Alcohol Dehydrogenase Biosensor based on Poly (Aniline)-Poly (Vinylsulfonate) modified electrode and enhancement effect of CA2+ ions on the Electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH at Poly(Aniline)-Poly (Vinylsulfonate) and Poly (Aniline)-Poly (Styrenesulfonate) modified Electrodes

A membrane enzyme electrode sensitive towards ethanol was fabricated based on poly(aniline)-poly(vinylsulfonate) modified electrodes. Using the membrane electrode design and by varying the physical parameters, we established that the membrane enzyme electrode current response was consistent with a reversible enzyme kinetic model. Under conditions in which the product concentration was negligible within the enzyme layer of the enzyme electrode, the substrate-dependent current response could be described using a coupled reaction-diffusion model based on irreversible enzyme kinetics. This is the first report on the use of poly(aniline) modified electrodes as amperoraetric biosensors for the detection of ethanol. In the second part of this work, we investigated the enhancement of steady-state current towards NADH at poly(aniline)-poly(vinylsulfonate) and poly(aniline)- poly(styrenesulfonate) modified electrodes in the presence of calcium ions, using electrochemical methods, ^'P NMR and kinetic modelling. We observed reversible binding between Ca^^ and poly(aniline)-poly(vinylsulfonate) from cyclic voltammetry and steady- state experiments. The enhancement of electrocatalytic current towards NADH in the presence of between 20 and 40 mM Ca^^ were about 12 and 27 times for thin films of poly(aniline)-poly(vinylsulfonate) and poly(aniline)-poly(styrenesulfonate), respectively. This enhancement effect of Ca^^ ions on the electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH at poly(aniline) modified electrodes was much greater than those observed by workers using other mediators. From kinetic modelling of the experimental data, we found that the enhancement effect of Ca^^ ions was due to a large change in the polymer binding affinity for NADH or partitioning of NADH into the polymer film. The binding energy gain was estimated to be about 14 kJ m o f' in the presence of 25 mM Ca^^. This was confirmed by measurements using solid state ^'P NMR which indicated that NADH accumulated in the polymer film only in the presence of Ca^^.

University of Southampton
Toh, Chee-Seng
271ecaf6-fbed-454e-aa92-c5e645ada23c
Toh, Chee-Seng
271ecaf6-fbed-454e-aa92-c5e645ada23c

Toh, Chee-Seng (2002) Alcohol Dehydrogenase Biosensor based on Poly (Aniline)-Poly (Vinylsulfonate) modified electrode and enhancement effect of CA2+ ions on the Electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH at Poly(Aniline)-Poly (Vinylsulfonate) and Poly (Aniline)-Poly (Styrenesulfonate) modified Electrodes. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

A membrane enzyme electrode sensitive towards ethanol was fabricated based on poly(aniline)-poly(vinylsulfonate) modified electrodes. Using the membrane electrode design and by varying the physical parameters, we established that the membrane enzyme electrode current response was consistent with a reversible enzyme kinetic model. Under conditions in which the product concentration was negligible within the enzyme layer of the enzyme electrode, the substrate-dependent current response could be described using a coupled reaction-diffusion model based on irreversible enzyme kinetics. This is the first report on the use of poly(aniline) modified electrodes as amperoraetric biosensors for the detection of ethanol. In the second part of this work, we investigated the enhancement of steady-state current towards NADH at poly(aniline)-poly(vinylsulfonate) and poly(aniline)- poly(styrenesulfonate) modified electrodes in the presence of calcium ions, using electrochemical methods, ^'P NMR and kinetic modelling. We observed reversible binding between Ca^^ and poly(aniline)-poly(vinylsulfonate) from cyclic voltammetry and steady- state experiments. The enhancement of electrocatalytic current towards NADH in the presence of between 20 and 40 mM Ca^^ were about 12 and 27 times for thin films of poly(aniline)-poly(vinylsulfonate) and poly(aniline)-poly(styrenesulfonate), respectively. This enhancement effect of Ca^^ ions on the electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH at poly(aniline) modified electrodes was much greater than those observed by workers using other mediators. From kinetic modelling of the experimental data, we found that the enhancement effect of Ca^^ ions was due to a large change in the polymer binding affinity for NADH or partitioning of NADH into the polymer film. The binding energy gain was estimated to be about 14 kJ m o f' in the presence of 25 mM Ca^^. This was confirmed by measurements using solid state ^'P NMR which indicated that NADH accumulated in the polymer film only in the presence of Ca^^.

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Published date: 2002

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Local EPrints ID: 464563
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/464563
PURE UUID: f4136cc1-3582-41a3-a9d2-4df1160052a7

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Date deposited: 04 Jul 2022 23:47
Last modified: 05 Jul 2022 02:23

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Author: Chee-Seng Toh

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