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Formant-tracking linear prediction model using HMMs and Kalman filters for noisy speech processing

Yan, Qin, Vaseghi, Saeed, Zavarehei, Esfandiar, Milner, Ben, Darch, Jonathan, White, Paul and Andrianakis, Ioannis (2007) Formant-tracking linear prediction model using HMMs and Kalman filters for noisy speech processing Computer Speech & Language, 21, (3), pp. 543-561. (doi:10.1016/j.csl.2006.11.001).

Record type: Article


This paper presents a formant tracking linear prediction (LP) model for speech processing in noise. The main focus of this work is on the utilization of the correlation of the energy contours of speech, along the formant tracks, for improved formant and LP model estimation in noise. The approach proposed in this paper provides a systematic framework for modelling and utilization of the inter-frame correlation of speech parameters across successive speech frames; the within frame correlations are modelled by the LP parameters. The formant tracking LP model estimation is composed of three stages: (1) a pre-cleaning spectral amplitude estimation stage where an initial estimate of the LP model of speech for each frame is obtained, (2) a formant classification and estimation stage using probability models of formants and Viterbi-decoders and (3) an inter-frame formant de-noising and smoothing stage where Kalman filters are used to model the formant trajectories and reduce the effect of residue noise on formants. The adverse effects of car and train noise on estimates of formant tracks and LP models are investigated. The evaluation results for the estimation of the formant tracking LP model demonstrate that the proposed combination of the initial noise reduction stage with formant tracking and Kalman smoothing stages, results in a significant reduction in errors and distortions.

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Published date: July 2007


Local EPrints ID: 46541
ISSN: 0885-2308
PURE UUID: f930bd82-d4ef-45d0-94cb-58871675439e
ORCID for Paul White: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 05 Jul 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:07

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Author: Qin Yan
Author: Saeed Vaseghi
Author: Esfandiar Zavarehei
Author: Ben Milner
Author: Jonathan Darch
Author: Paul White ORCID iD
Author: Ioannis Andrianakis

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