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Variability and strictness in COVID-19 government response: A macro-regional assessment

Variability and strictness in COVID-19 government response: A macro-regional assessment
Variability and strictness in COVID-19 government response: A macro-regional assessment
We examine the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical government interventions (NPIs) against COVID-19. In particular, we focus on the impact of strictness and variability in government interventions on the reproduction rate (Rt) and the number of new deaths (per million of inhabitants) in five different world regions (G7, G20, EU28, Central America and Asia). In line with existing evidence, we observe that more stringent and frequent NPIs contributed to slow down contagion. Unfortunately, no benefits in terms of mortality are found. In fact, with few exceptions, both strictness and variability in NPIs are associated with a rise in the number of new deaths. This evidence is observed to be stronger among advanced economies and over the second pandemic wave. Take together, our research findings advocate early and decisive implementation of NPIs, but gradual and staggered relaxation of NPIs when the pandemic appears to recede.
COVID-19, Non-pharmaceutical interventions, Government, Reproduction rate, New deaths
2667-3193
Donadelli, Michael
9836edb9-15f5-4bbc-9f57-cf4636285390
Gufler, Ivan
7dbad8f1-b2e9-4f0d-96db-c0ef73dcdef9
Kizys, Renatas
9d3a6c5f-075a-44f9-a1de-32315b821978
Lucchetta, Marcella
7149b7e9-847f-4adb-967d-a4fc9877ce32
Donadelli, Michael
9836edb9-15f5-4bbc-9f57-cf4636285390
Gufler, Ivan
7dbad8f1-b2e9-4f0d-96db-c0ef73dcdef9
Kizys, Renatas
9d3a6c5f-075a-44f9-a1de-32315b821978
Lucchetta, Marcella
7149b7e9-847f-4adb-967d-a4fc9877ce32

Donadelli, Michael, Gufler, Ivan, Kizys, Renatas and Lucchetta, Marcella (2022) Variability and strictness in COVID-19 government response: A macro-regional assessment. Journal of Government and Economics, 6, [100039]. (doi:10.1016/j.jge.2022.100039).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We examine the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical government interventions (NPIs) against COVID-19. In particular, we focus on the impact of strictness and variability in government interventions on the reproduction rate (Rt) and the number of new deaths (per million of inhabitants) in five different world regions (G7, G20, EU28, Central America and Asia). In line with existing evidence, we observe that more stringent and frequent NPIs contributed to slow down contagion. Unfortunately, no benefits in terms of mortality are found. In fact, with few exceptions, both strictness and variability in NPIs are associated with a rise in the number of new deaths. This evidence is observed to be stronger among advanced economies and over the second pandemic wave. Take together, our research findings advocate early and decisive implementation of NPIs, but gradual and staggered relaxation of NPIs when the pandemic appears to recede.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 12 April 2022
e-pub ahead of print date: 21 April 2022
Published date: 21 April 2022
Keywords: COVID-19, Non-pharmaceutical interventions, Government, Reproduction rate, New deaths

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 467417
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/467417
ISSN: 2667-3193
PURE UUID: 25e9e09e-d2c3-41ee-8ce8-7f7e894a0faa
ORCID for Renatas Kizys: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9104-1809

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 Jul 2022 16:30
Last modified: 29 Nov 2022 02:57

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Contributors

Author: Michael Donadelli
Author: Ivan Gufler
Author: Renatas Kizys ORCID iD
Author: Marcella Lucchetta

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