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Dispositional forgiveness buffers paranoia following interpersonal transgression

Dispositional forgiveness buffers paranoia following interpersonal transgression
Dispositional forgiveness buffers paranoia following interpersonal transgression
Objective
To test a novel proposition that dispositional forgiveness has the unrecognized benefit of buffering feelings of paranoia following negative interpersonal experiences and interpersonal transgressions.

Methods
In Study 1 (N = 128), we used an experimental paradigm, the Prisoner's Dilemma Game (PDG), to test the premise that an interpersonal transgression increases state paranoia. Study 2 (N = 180) used a longitudinal design to test the central proposition that dispositional forgiveness buffers state paranoia following naturally occurring difficult (vs pleasant) interpersonal events. Study 3 (N = 102) used a novel experimental paradigm to determine the causal effect of manipulating forgiveness on paranoia.

Results
In Study 1, interpersonal transgressions in the PDG increased paranoia. In Study 2, paranoia was higher following difficult (rather than pleasant) events, and higher levels of dispositional forgiveness moderated the negative effect of difficult events on paranoia. In Study 3, there was a causal effect of forgiveness on (reduced) paranoia.

Conclusions
This is the first evidence that (1) interpersonal transgressions increase paranoia, (2) high dispositional forgiveness moderates the deleterious effect of interpersonal transgression on paranoia, and (3) dispositional forgiveness is causally related to less paranoia.
forgiveness, interpersonal transgression, paranoia, personality, prisoner's dilemma game
0022-3506
Ellett, Lyn
96482ea6-04b6-4a50-a7ec-ae0a3abc20ca
Foxall, Anna
e34f7a94-6960-4b87-8f43-d20394ce6fb4
Wildschut, Tim
4452a61d-1649-4c4a-bb1d-154ec446ff81
Chadwick, Paul
8575f844-9b6e-4184-b31f-e99fa92b0e43
Ellett, Lyn
96482ea6-04b6-4a50-a7ec-ae0a3abc20ca
Foxall, Anna
e34f7a94-6960-4b87-8f43-d20394ce6fb4
Wildschut, Tim
4452a61d-1649-4c4a-bb1d-154ec446ff81
Chadwick, Paul
8575f844-9b6e-4184-b31f-e99fa92b0e43

Ellett, Lyn, Foxall, Anna, Wildschut, Tim and Chadwick, Paul (2022) Dispositional forgiveness buffers paranoia following interpersonal transgression. Journal of Personality. (doi:10.1111/jopy.12755).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective
To test a novel proposition that dispositional forgiveness has the unrecognized benefit of buffering feelings of paranoia following negative interpersonal experiences and interpersonal transgressions.

Methods
In Study 1 (N = 128), we used an experimental paradigm, the Prisoner's Dilemma Game (PDG), to test the premise that an interpersonal transgression increases state paranoia. Study 2 (N = 180) used a longitudinal design to test the central proposition that dispositional forgiveness buffers state paranoia following naturally occurring difficult (vs pleasant) interpersonal events. Study 3 (N = 102) used a novel experimental paradigm to determine the causal effect of manipulating forgiveness on paranoia.

Results
In Study 1, interpersonal transgressions in the PDG increased paranoia. In Study 2, paranoia was higher following difficult (rather than pleasant) events, and higher levels of dispositional forgiveness moderated the negative effect of difficult events on paranoia. In Study 3, there was a causal effect of forgiveness on (reduced) paranoia.

Conclusions
This is the first evidence that (1) interpersonal transgressions increase paranoia, (2) high dispositional forgiveness moderates the deleterious effect of interpersonal transgression on paranoia, and (3) dispositional forgiveness is causally related to less paranoia.

Text
Forgiveness and Paranoia - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 30 June 2022
e-pub ahead of print date: 15 July 2022
Keywords: forgiveness, interpersonal transgression, paranoia, personality, prisoner's dilemma game

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 468195
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/468195
ISSN: 0022-3506
PURE UUID: 4d0219a9-9d43-4e8d-98f5-d8a98c98d7de
ORCID for Lyn Ellett: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6051-3604

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Aug 2022 16:53
Last modified: 19 Nov 2022 02:57

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Contributors

Author: Lyn Ellett ORCID iD
Author: Anna Foxall
Author: Tim Wildschut
Author: Paul Chadwick

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