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Health, healthcare, and public health as objects of (human) rights

Health, healthcare, and public health as objects of (human) rights
Health, healthcare, and public health as objects of (human) rights
Proponents of health rights hold that there are rights to health, healthcare, or public health. Yet health rights raise familiar philosophical challenges, including those concerning the scope, content, relative strength, and justification of the purported rights and their correlative duties, and practical challenges, including those concerning how to recognize the rights under resource constraints without undermining access to other social goods. Recognizing narrower health rights, such as a right to healthcare, can address some of these concerns but may not secure the health outcomes desired by health advocates. Indeed, the moral considerations most likely to justify a right to healthcare appear to prioritize public health initiatives. Recognizing a right to healthcare may make it more difficult to address relevant population-level concerns. After all, healthcare and public health entitlements often draw on the same budget. These considerations present a puzzle: Can plausible health rights-claims meet necessary philosophical strictures, rather than just serve rhetorical utility, and adequately recognize the moral importance of population-level public health? This chapter explains the puzzle, analyzes two potentially promising approaches to solving it, and outlines my preferred approach. It should thereby provide insights into rights theory and related issues in health justice and public health ethics.
Public Health, Public Health Ethics, Human Rights, Right to Health, Right to Healthcare, Healthcare Ethics, Bioethics, Rights, Health and Human Rights
Routledge
Da Silva, Michael
05ad649f-8409-4012-8edc-88709b1a3182
Venkatapuram, Sridhar
Broadbent, Alex
Da Silva, Michael
05ad649f-8409-4012-8edc-88709b1a3182
Venkatapuram, Sridhar
Broadbent, Alex

Da Silva, Michael (2022) Health, healthcare, and public health as objects of (human) rights. In, Venkatapuram, Sridhar and Broadbent, Alex (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Public Health. Routledge.

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

Proponents of health rights hold that there are rights to health, healthcare, or public health. Yet health rights raise familiar philosophical challenges, including those concerning the scope, content, relative strength, and justification of the purported rights and their correlative duties, and practical challenges, including those concerning how to recognize the rights under resource constraints without undermining access to other social goods. Recognizing narrower health rights, such as a right to healthcare, can address some of these concerns but may not secure the health outcomes desired by health advocates. Indeed, the moral considerations most likely to justify a right to healthcare appear to prioritize public health initiatives. Recognizing a right to healthcare may make it more difficult to address relevant population-level concerns. After all, healthcare and public health entitlements often draw on the same budget. These considerations present a puzzle: Can plausible health rights-claims meet necessary philosophical strictures, rather than just serve rhetorical utility, and adequately recognize the moral importance of population-level public health? This chapter explains the puzzle, analyzes two potentially promising approaches to solving it, and outlines my preferred approach. It should thereby provide insights into rights theory and related issues in health justice and public health ethics.

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Accepted/In Press date: 20 June 2022
Published date: 7 October 2022
Keywords: Public Health, Public Health Ethics, Human Rights, Right to Health, Right to Healthcare, Healthcare Ethics, Bioethics, Rights, Health and Human Rights

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 468254
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/468254
PURE UUID: ce02905a-e6d3-4482-8fa3-7df1b42cd775

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Date deposited: 09 Aug 2022 16:30
Last modified: 11 Nov 2022 17:30

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Contributors

Author: Michael Da Silva
Editor: Sridhar Venkatapuram
Editor: Alex Broadbent

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