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Late weaning and maternal closeness, associated with advanced motor and visual maturation, reinforce autonomy in healthy, 2-year-old children

Late weaning and maternal closeness, associated with advanced motor and visual maturation, reinforce autonomy in healthy, 2-year-old children
Late weaning and maternal closeness, associated with advanced motor and visual maturation, reinforce autonomy in healthy, 2-year-old children
We studied neurodevelopmental outcomes and behaviours in healthy 2-year old children (N = 1306) from Brazil, India, Italy, Kenya and the UK participating in the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. There was a positive independent relationship of duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and age at weaning with gross motor development, vision and autonomic physical activities, most evident if children were exclusively breastfed for ≥7 months or weaned at ≥7 months. There was no association with cognition, language or behaviour. Children exclusively breastfed from birth to <5 months or weaned at >6 months had, in a dose-effect pattern, adjusting for confounding factors, higher scores for “emotional reactivity”. The positive effect of EBF and age at weaning on gross motor, running and climbing scores was strongest among children with the highest scores in maternal closeness proxy indicators. EBF, late weaning and maternal closeness, associated with advanced motor and vision maturation, independently influence autonomous behaviours in healthy children.
2045-2322
Villar, Jose
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Ochieng, Roseline
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Urias, Eleonora Staines
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Fernandes, Michelle
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Ratcliff, Marc
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Purwar, Manorama
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Barros, Fernando C.
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Horta, Bernardo L.
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Cheikh Ismail, Leila
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Albernaz, Elaine
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Kunnawar, Naina
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Temple, Sophie
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Giuliani, Francesca
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Sandells, Tamsin
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Carvalho, Maria
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Ohuma, Eric O.
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Jaffer, Yasmine A.
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Noble, Julia Alison
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Gravett, Michael G.
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Pang, Ruyan
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Lambert, Ann
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Bertino, Enrico
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Nicola, Paola Di
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Papageorghiou, Aris T.
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Stein, Alan
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Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.
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Kennedy, Stephen
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Villar, Jose
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Ochieng, Roseline
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Urias, Eleonora Staines
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Fernandes, Michelle
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Ratcliff, Marc
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Purwar, Manorama
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Barros, Fernando C.
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Horta, Bernardo L.
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Cheikh Ismail, Leila
fe340f86-4e83-4fb3-9b11-d3fdb034f64d
Albernaz, Elaine
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Kunnawar, Naina
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Temple, Sophie
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Giuliani, Francesca
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Sandells, Tamsin
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Carvalho, Maria
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Ohuma, Eric O.
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Jaffer, Yasmine A.
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Noble, Julia Alison
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Gravett, Michael G.
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Pang, Ruyan
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Lambert, Ann
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Bertino, Enrico
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Nicola, Paola Di
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Papageorghiou, Aris T.
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Stein, Alan
ba341b04-0b18-411a-9926-44182a628a1d
Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.
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Kennedy, Stephen
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Villar, Jose, Ochieng, Roseline, Urias, Eleonora Staines, Fernandes, Michelle, Ratcliff, Marc, Purwar, Manorama, Barros, Fernando C., Horta, Bernardo L., Cheikh Ismail, Leila, Albernaz, Elaine, Kunnawar, Naina, Temple, Sophie, Giuliani, Francesca, Sandells, Tamsin, Carvalho, Maria, Ohuma, Eric O., Jaffer, Yasmine A., Noble, Julia Alison, Gravett, Michael G., Pang, Ruyan, Lambert, Ann, Bertino, Enrico, Nicola, Paola Di, Papageorghiou, Aris T., Stein, Alan, Bhutta, Zulfiqar A. and Kennedy, Stephen (2020) Late weaning and maternal closeness, associated with advanced motor and visual maturation, reinforce autonomy in healthy, 2-year-old children. Scientific Reports, 10, [5251]. (doi:10.1038/s41598-020-61917-z).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We studied neurodevelopmental outcomes and behaviours in healthy 2-year old children (N = 1306) from Brazil, India, Italy, Kenya and the UK participating in the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. There was a positive independent relationship of duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and age at weaning with gross motor development, vision and autonomic physical activities, most evident if children were exclusively breastfed for ≥7 months or weaned at ≥7 months. There was no association with cognition, language or behaviour. Children exclusively breastfed from birth to <5 months or weaned at >6 months had, in a dose-effect pattern, adjusting for confounding factors, higher scores for “emotional reactivity”. The positive effect of EBF and age at weaning on gross motor, running and climbing scores was strongest among children with the highest scores in maternal closeness proxy indicators. EBF, late weaning and maternal closeness, associated with advanced motor and vision maturation, independently influence autonomous behaviours in healthy children.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 27 February 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 23 March 2020
Published date: 2020
Additional Information: Copyright © 2020, The Author(s)

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 468403
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/468403
ISSN: 2045-2322
PURE UUID: cea1f481-e95e-4bb4-88ca-53b93dec612f
ORCID for Michelle Fernandes: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0051-3389

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 12 Aug 2022 21:33
Last modified: 18 Oct 2022 02:02

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Contributors

Author: Jose Villar
Author: Roseline Ochieng
Author: Eleonora Staines Urias
Author: Michelle Fernandes ORCID iD
Author: Marc Ratcliff
Author: Manorama Purwar
Author: Fernando C. Barros
Author: Bernardo L. Horta
Author: Leila Cheikh Ismail
Author: Elaine Albernaz
Author: Naina Kunnawar
Author: Sophie Temple
Author: Francesca Giuliani
Author: Tamsin Sandells
Author: Maria Carvalho
Author: Eric O. Ohuma
Author: Yasmine A. Jaffer
Author: Julia Alison Noble
Author: Michael G. Gravett
Author: Ruyan Pang
Author: Ann Lambert
Author: Enrico Bertino
Author: Paola Di Nicola
Author: Aris T. Papageorghiou
Author: Alan Stein
Author: Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
Author: Stephen Kennedy

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