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Research capability gaps hinder understanding of the impact of climate change on ecosystem services in the Latin American Pacific coast

Research capability gaps hinder understanding of the impact of climate change on ecosystem services in the Latin American Pacific coast
Research capability gaps hinder understanding of the impact of climate change on ecosystem services in the Latin American Pacific coast
Background. Coastal communities are highly dependent on ecosystem services, but the benefits and livelihoods people derive from natural ecosystems are directly and indirectly affected by climate change. The need for a mechanistic understanding of how components of climate change translate into measurable impacts on ecosystems and society is fundamental to the ability to manage, plan and mitigate for the most likely environmental futures, yet progress in this area in tropical and subtropical countries is frustrated by a lack of research capacity at the local and regional level. Objectives. Here, we investigate the research capacity of the countries along the Pacific coast, between Mexico and Chile, a region with an extensive coastline (23,191 km) that spans 11 countries of varying socio-economic development status and anticipated to be especially vulnerable to climate change. Methods. Specifically, our focus was to explore how the effects of climate change on ecosystem services (provision, regulation and cultural) may relate to research capacity and gross domestic product (GDP) in each country along the Pacific coast of the Americas. Results. We find that, since 1980, the number of peer-reviewed scientific studies relevant to this topic strongly correlates with GDP (r = 0.90, p < 0.05) and that research effort is an order of magnitude lower along the Latin American Pacific coast (13.8 studies 1000 km-1) than in the neighbouring Californian coast (103 studies 1000 km-1). Conclusions. Our results highlight the need to better develop the research in the Latin America Pacific, and for more work on the key links between climate change and ecosystem services.
2448-7333
117-125
Calderon-Aguilera, Luis E.
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Fenberg, Phillip B.
c73918cd-98cc-41e6-a18c-bf0de4f1ace8
Godbold, Jasmin A.
df6da569-e7ea-43ca-8a95-a563829fb88a
Hill, Christopher T.
8b101c57-b1cf-4c65-af58-7adb48e0183b
Hudson, Malcolm D.
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Hutton, Craig
9102617b-caf7-4538-9414-c29e72f5fe2e
Peh, Kelvin S.-H.
0bd60207-dad8-43fb-a84a-a15e09b024cc
Solan, Martin
c28b294a-1db6-4677-8eab-bd8d6221fecf
Eigenbrod, Felix
43efc6ae-b129-45a2-8a34-e489b5f05827
Calderon-Aguilera, Luis E.
4f66ec89-d8f3-42b4-9616-78970d780552
Fenberg, Phillip B.
c73918cd-98cc-41e6-a18c-bf0de4f1ace8
Godbold, Jasmin A.
df6da569-e7ea-43ca-8a95-a563829fb88a
Hill, Christopher T.
8b101c57-b1cf-4c65-af58-7adb48e0183b
Hudson, Malcolm D.
1ae18506-6f2a-48af-8c72-83ab28679f55
Hutton, Craig
9102617b-caf7-4538-9414-c29e72f5fe2e
Peh, Kelvin S.-H.
0bd60207-dad8-43fb-a84a-a15e09b024cc
Solan, Martin
c28b294a-1db6-4677-8eab-bd8d6221fecf
Eigenbrod, Felix
43efc6ae-b129-45a2-8a34-e489b5f05827

Calderon-Aguilera, Luis E., Fenberg, Phillip B., Godbold, Jasmin A., Hill, Christopher T., Hudson, Malcolm D., Hutton, Craig, Peh, Kelvin S.-H., Solan, Martin and Eigenbrod, Felix (2022) Research capability gaps hinder understanding of the impact of climate change on ecosystem services in the Latin American Pacific coast. Hidrobiologica, 117-125.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background. Coastal communities are highly dependent on ecosystem services, but the benefits and livelihoods people derive from natural ecosystems are directly and indirectly affected by climate change. The need for a mechanistic understanding of how components of climate change translate into measurable impacts on ecosystems and society is fundamental to the ability to manage, plan and mitigate for the most likely environmental futures, yet progress in this area in tropical and subtropical countries is frustrated by a lack of research capacity at the local and regional level. Objectives. Here, we investigate the research capacity of the countries along the Pacific coast, between Mexico and Chile, a region with an extensive coastline (23,191 km) that spans 11 countries of varying socio-economic development status and anticipated to be especially vulnerable to climate change. Methods. Specifically, our focus was to explore how the effects of climate change on ecosystem services (provision, regulation and cultural) may relate to research capacity and gross domestic product (GDP) in each country along the Pacific coast of the Americas. Results. We find that, since 1980, the number of peer-reviewed scientific studies relevant to this topic strongly correlates with GDP (r = 0.90, p < 0.05) and that research effort is an order of magnitude lower along the Latin American Pacific coast (13.8 studies 1000 km-1) than in the neighbouring Californian coast (103 studies 1000 km-1). Conclusions. Our results highlight the need to better develop the research in the Latin America Pacific, and for more work on the key links between climate change and ecosystem services.

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Accepted/In Press date: September 2022
Published date: 1 September 2022

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 470428
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/470428
ISSN: 2448-7333
PURE UUID: c32677ef-a984-4a47-8d55-682f420e4513
ORCID for Phillip B. Fenberg: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4474-176X
ORCID for Jasmin A. Godbold: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5558-8188
ORCID for Christopher T. Hill: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4344-6734
ORCID for Craig Hutton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5896-756X
ORCID for Kelvin S.-H. Peh: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2921-1341
ORCID for Martin Solan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9924-5574
ORCID for Felix Eigenbrod: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8982-824X

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Date deposited: 10 Oct 2022 17:04
Last modified: 12 Jan 2023 02:45

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Contributors

Author: Luis E. Calderon-Aguilera
Author: Craig Hutton ORCID iD
Author: Martin Solan ORCID iD
Author: Felix Eigenbrod ORCID iD

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