The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Assessing hazards and disaster risk on the coast for Pacific small island developing States: the need for a data-driven approach

Assessing hazards and disaster risk on the coast for Pacific small island developing States: the need for a data-driven approach
Assessing hazards and disaster risk on the coast for Pacific small island developing States: the need for a data-driven approach

Small island developing States, such as those in the Pacific, are often prone to multiple hazards that have potential to result in disaster and / or restrict development. Hazard data can be limited in resolution or omitted in or near SIDS’ coasts, but a growing and improved range of datasets are becoming available. Through an analysis of approximately 100 policy documents on hazards and disaster risk management in Pacific island nations, we found: limited information on hazards and how they manifest to disasters at local levels, thus not fully connecting drivers and subsequent risk; at times a non-specific multi-hazard approach prompting the need to address more specific hazards; and restricted temporal and spatial scales of analysis that potentially limit continuity of actions where mitigation methods evolve. These limitations suggest that appropriate and timely high resolution hazard data is needed from the top-down to underpin the design and development of local disaster risk management plans, simultaneous to local, bottom-up knowledge and interpretation to bring the realities of such hazard data to life. Developing and ensuring openly available hazard data will enable island States to develop more robust, inclusive disaster risk management plans and mitigation policies, plus aid inter-island comparison for communal learning.

Data, Disaster planning, Disasters, Hazard, Risk, Risk management, Small islands
2561-4150
Brown, Sally
dd3c5852-78cc-435a-9846-4f3f540f2840
Hanson, Susan
dc079588-5eb2-4177-8df5-01fa493d8c16
Sear, David
ccd892ab-a93d-4073-a11c-b8bca42ecfd3
Hill, Christopher
8b101c57-b1cf-4c65-af58-7adb48e0183b
Hutton, Craig
9102617b-caf7-4538-9414-c29e72f5fe2e
Brown, Sally
dd3c5852-78cc-435a-9846-4f3f540f2840
Hanson, Susan
dc079588-5eb2-4177-8df5-01fa493d8c16
Sear, David
ccd892ab-a93d-4073-a11c-b8bca42ecfd3
Hill, Christopher
8b101c57-b1cf-4c65-af58-7adb48e0183b
Hutton, Craig
9102617b-caf7-4538-9414-c29e72f5fe2e

Brown, Sally, Hanson, Susan, Sear, David, Hill, Christopher and Hutton, Craig (2022) Assessing hazards and disaster risk on the coast for Pacific small island developing States: the need for a data-driven approach. Anthropocene Coasts, 5 (1), [5]. (doi:10.1007/s44218-022-00005-3).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Small island developing States, such as those in the Pacific, are often prone to multiple hazards that have potential to result in disaster and / or restrict development. Hazard data can be limited in resolution or omitted in or near SIDS’ coasts, but a growing and improved range of datasets are becoming available. Through an analysis of approximately 100 policy documents on hazards and disaster risk management in Pacific island nations, we found: limited information on hazards and how they manifest to disasters at local levels, thus not fully connecting drivers and subsequent risk; at times a non-specific multi-hazard approach prompting the need to address more specific hazards; and restricted temporal and spatial scales of analysis that potentially limit continuity of actions where mitigation methods evolve. These limitations suggest that appropriate and timely high resolution hazard data is needed from the top-down to underpin the design and development of local disaster risk management plans, simultaneous to local, bottom-up knowledge and interpretation to bring the realities of such hazard data to life. Developing and ensuring openly available hazard data will enable island States to develop more robust, inclusive disaster risk management plans and mitigation policies, plus aid inter-island comparison for communal learning.

Text
s44218-022-00005-3 - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (995kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 13 August 2022
e-pub ahead of print date: 23 September 2022
Published date: December 2022
Additional Information: Funding Information: We are grateful for funding via the Global Challenges Research Fund via Bournemouth University and the University of Southampton, and support from Southampton Marine and Maritime Institute. Publisher Copyright: © 2022, The Author(s).
Keywords: Data, Disaster planning, Disasters, Hazard, Risk, Risk management, Small islands

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 470437
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/470437
ISSN: 2561-4150
PURE UUID: 4e9f96d1-b908-4b29-91af-a92249bfebcc
ORCID for Sally Brown: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1185-1962
ORCID for David Sear: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0191-6179
ORCID for Christopher Hill: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4344-6734
ORCID for Craig Hutton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5896-756X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Oct 2022 16:32
Last modified: 13 Oct 2022 01:41

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×