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On the non-linear vibration of rotor-squeeze film damper assemblies

On the non-linear vibration of rotor-squeeze film damper assemblies
On the non-linear vibration of rotor-squeeze film damper assemblies
Squeeze film dampers (SFDs) have long been used to attenuate the vibration of high-speed rotating machines such as gas turbine engines, turbo-chargers, etc. Due to their highly non-linear behaviour, it is often difficult to calculate the steady state vibration response of rotor-SFD systems. Over the years, methods such as the Runge-Kutta-Merson Method (RKMM) have been applied to solve the non-linear equations of motion for the system. However such a method requires huge amounts of computational time especially when a flexible shaft system is involved. In order to accelerate the calculations of the rotor-SFD system vibration response, the Modified Harmonic Balance Method and the Modified Iteration Method are introduced in this work. It is shown that their results agree very well with the RKMM predictions and the experimental measurements.
The circumferential oil-feeding groove within the SFD radial clearance is designed to prevent oil starvation in the squeeze film. The pressure generated by the groove is traditionally neglected. To date, many experiments are designed to test SFDs with groove-depth to clearance ratios (cg/c) between 3 to 10 but no attempts have been made to assess the merits and weaknesses of various existing squeeze film force models under a wider range of parameters. In this work, the vibration responses of the SFDs tested with various groove depths (i.e. 3<Cg/c<41) are investigated experimentally and theoretically. Highly non-linear fluid stiffness, damping and inertia are observed and the fluid damping is sensitively related to oil viscosity and unbalance. It is found that none of the theoretical models assessed is able to provide a good correlation with all the studied experimental responses. However, it is shown that the special groove-two land model is able to predict the vibration behaviour of a very shallow grooved SFD (c^c <3) and the conventional two-land theory is applicable to SFD with a very deep groove (Cg/c >40). These observations should be sufficient to provide useful guidelines for engineers to design a shallow or deep grooved SFD-rotor assembly.
The SFD can be sealed to increase its damping. Empirical methods are commonly used to predict the vibration response but deeper understanding of the oil flow within the damper is not achieved. In this work, the flow balance principle is used to find the boundary conditions of the end-sealed SFD. With the assumption of a short bearing, averaging the one-land and two-land pressure distributions within the damper clearance, the current research shows that a good estimation of the end-sealed SFD vibration can be achieved. Such a model would be useful for the development of a comprehensive analytical end-sealed SFD model.
Siew, Chan-Cheong
772e8c84-05aa-4a19-ac5a-bbb1dfae2e51
Siew, Chan-Cheong
772e8c84-05aa-4a19-ac5a-bbb1dfae2e51

Siew, Chan-Cheong (2001) On the non-linear vibration of rotor-squeeze film damper assemblies. University of Southampton, School of Engineering Sciences, Doctoral Thesis.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

Squeeze film dampers (SFDs) have long been used to attenuate the vibration of high-speed rotating machines such as gas turbine engines, turbo-chargers, etc. Due to their highly non-linear behaviour, it is often difficult to calculate the steady state vibration response of rotor-SFD systems. Over the years, methods such as the Runge-Kutta-Merson Method (RKMM) have been applied to solve the non-linear equations of motion for the system. However such a method requires huge amounts of computational time especially when a flexible shaft system is involved. In order to accelerate the calculations of the rotor-SFD system vibration response, the Modified Harmonic Balance Method and the Modified Iteration Method are introduced in this work. It is shown that their results agree very well with the RKMM predictions and the experimental measurements.
The circumferential oil-feeding groove within the SFD radial clearance is designed to prevent oil starvation in the squeeze film. The pressure generated by the groove is traditionally neglected. To date, many experiments are designed to test SFDs with groove-depth to clearance ratios (cg/c) between 3 to 10 but no attempts have been made to assess the merits and weaknesses of various existing squeeze film force models under a wider range of parameters. In this work, the vibration responses of the SFDs tested with various groove depths (i.e. 3<Cg/c<41) are investigated experimentally and theoretically. Highly non-linear fluid stiffness, damping and inertia are observed and the fluid damping is sensitively related to oil viscosity and unbalance. It is found that none of the theoretical models assessed is able to provide a good correlation with all the studied experimental responses. However, it is shown that the special groove-two land model is able to predict the vibration behaviour of a very shallow grooved SFD (c^c <3) and the conventional two-land theory is applicable to SFD with a very deep groove (Cg/c >40). These observations should be sufficient to provide useful guidelines for engineers to design a shallow or deep grooved SFD-rotor assembly.
The SFD can be sealed to increase its damping. Empirical methods are commonly used to predict the vibration response but deeper understanding of the oil flow within the damper is not achieved. In this work, the flow balance principle is used to find the boundary conditions of the end-sealed SFD. With the assumption of a short bearing, averaging the one-land and two-land pressure distributions within the damper clearance, the current research shows that a good estimation of the end-sealed SFD vibration can be achieved. Such a model would be useful for the development of a comprehensive analytical end-sealed SFD model.

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Published date: 2001
Organisations: University of Southampton

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 47560
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/47560
PURE UUID: ea3a8bb0-c27f-4bd9-bd84-4e56d1ce1f60

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Date deposited: 03 Aug 2007
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 20:59

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Author: Chan-Cheong Siew

University divisions

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