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Stressreaktivität: theoretisches konzept und messung [Stress reactivity: theoretical concept and measurement]

Stressreaktivität: theoretisches konzept und messung [Stress reactivity: theoretical concept and measurement]
Stressreaktivität: theoretisches konzept und messung [Stress reactivity: theoretical concept and measurement]
The construct of stress reactivity refers to the disposition of a person to answer stressors with immediate, intense, and long lasting stress reactions. Stress reactivity is assumed to be determined by a disadvantageous pattern of four personality characteristics: high intrusiveness, low self-efficacy, high arousability of the central nervous system, and high negative affectivity. The Stress-Reactivity-Scale (SRS), which is presented in this article, does not only assess the general stress reactivity but also measures stress reactivity in different stressor domains. Item-test correlations and reliability coefficients as well as the test score distributions meet the test-statistical demands (N = 975). Concerning the validation of the SRS, findings regarding the factorial validity and correlations with other construct-related personality traits, bodily complaints, sleep behavior, chronic diseases, and cortisol reactions in a laboratory stress study are reported. Additionally, findings from a twin study on the influence of genetic factors on self-reported stress are reported, and finally sex differences are described. The results underline the validity of the SRS. The questionnaire is suitable for clinical research, to assess individual differences in stress reactivity, and as a tool to evaluate stress management programs.
stress, stress reactivity, personality, questionnaire, cortisol
0012-1924
124-133
Schulz, Peter
215dfa50-7034-453c-8f9b-f4bf76e0164c
Jansen, Lars J.
189bbb8a-171f-4246-bd54-8704bcd16569
Schlotz, Wolff
49499d5e-4ff4-4ad3-b5f7-eec11b25b5db
Schulz, Peter
215dfa50-7034-453c-8f9b-f4bf76e0164c
Jansen, Lars J.
189bbb8a-171f-4246-bd54-8704bcd16569
Schlotz, Wolff
49499d5e-4ff4-4ad3-b5f7-eec11b25b5db

Schulz, Peter, Jansen, Lars J. and Schlotz, Wolff (2005) Stressreaktivität: theoretisches konzept und messung [Stress reactivity: theoretical concept and measurement]. Diagnostica, 51 (3), 124-133. (doi:10.1026/0012-1924.51.3.124).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The construct of stress reactivity refers to the disposition of a person to answer stressors with immediate, intense, and long lasting stress reactions. Stress reactivity is assumed to be determined by a disadvantageous pattern of four personality characteristics: high intrusiveness, low self-efficacy, high arousability of the central nervous system, and high negative affectivity. The Stress-Reactivity-Scale (SRS), which is presented in this article, does not only assess the general stress reactivity but also measures stress reactivity in different stressor domains. Item-test correlations and reliability coefficients as well as the test score distributions meet the test-statistical demands (N = 975). Concerning the validation of the SRS, findings regarding the factorial validity and correlations with other construct-related personality traits, bodily complaints, sleep behavior, chronic diseases, and cortisol reactions in a laboratory stress study are reported. Additionally, findings from a twin study on the influence of genetic factors on self-reported stress are reported, and finally sex differences are described. The results underline the validity of the SRS. The questionnaire is suitable for clinical research, to assess individual differences in stress reactivity, and as a tool to evaluate stress management programs.

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More information

Published date: July 2005
Additional Information: Article in German
Keywords: stress, stress reactivity, personality, questionnaire, cortisol

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 47569
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/47569
ISSN: 0012-1924
PURE UUID: 1c43a7ba-d77d-4409-b5fb-7d193e7a46c9

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Date deposited: 03 Aug 2007
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 20:59

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