El-Fadel, M., Quba'a, R., El-Hougeiri, N., Hashisho, Z. and Jamali, D.
The Israeli Palestinian Mountain Aquifer: a case study in ground water conflict resolution
Journal of Natural Resources & Life Sciences Education, 30, .
Full text not available from this repository.
The dispute between Israelis and Palestinians over shared
water resources of the Mountain Aquifer is one potential obstacle
in the path of peace in the Middle East. This aquifer is the only
source of water for Palestinians in theWest Bank and the main
provider of freshwater to Israelis. The majority of its natural
recharge area lies within the West Bank territories with two of
its three basins flowing naturally toward Israel. In 1967, Israel
occupied theWest Bank and imposed strict control policies over
the utilization of the Mountain Aquifer?s water. At present,
Palestinians and Israelis are moving toward a political resolution
of their more than half a century old conflict. In the Declaration
of Principles, Israelis and Palestinians created preconditions for
the coming negotiations and the Israelis recognized water rights
for Palestinians. There is no clear indication of the extent to
which water would be under Palestinian control during the interim
period, but there is an implicit recognition of the need to
reform the existing water allocation system. In the Final Status
Negotiations, the Joint Mountain Aquifer Committee, members
from the Israeli government and the Palestinian National Authority
must make decisions regarding the equitable distribution
and joint management of the shared water of the Mountain
Aquifer. This paper provides a decision case for a course at the
graduate or senior undergraduate level based on water resources
issues impacting the peace process.
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