Adaptation of torsional eye alignment in relation to smooth pursuit and saccades

Maxwell, James S., Graf, Erich W. and Schor, Clifton M. (2001) Adaptation of torsional eye alignment in relation to smooth pursuit and saccades Vision Research, 41, (27), pp. 3735-3749. (doi:10.1016/S0042-6989(01)00215-2).


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The long-term fusion of vertical or horizontal disparities by vergence eye movements is known to evoke persistent changes in vertical and horizontal eye alignment. Adaptive changes in response to torsional disparities have not been well studied. Torsional eye position was measured binocularly with a video system before and after 90 min training periods in which subjects attempted to fuse cyclodisparities. Subjects trained with either a single cyclodisparity presented at a single vertical eye position or with cyclodisparities that varied smoothly from an incyclodisparity to an excyclodisparity as a function of either vertical or horizontal eye position. All five subjects showed persistent changes in binocular torsional eye alignment following both types of training. Incyclodisparities were more easily fused during training and the training aftereffect was greater in that direction. The training aftereffect was observed in relation to both saccades and smooth pursuit under both open-loop and closed-loop viewing conditions. During saccades, the dynamics of the cyclovergence training aftereffect more closely resembled the dynamics of cyclofusional movements than the dynamics of the saccades with which they were associated

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/S0042-6989(01)00215-2
ISSNs: 0042-6989 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: cyclovergence, cyclophoria, Listing's law
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
ePrint ID: 47991
Date :
Date Event
December 2001Published
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2007
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 18:26
Further Information:Google Scholar

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