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Characterisation and textural analysis of Middle Bronze Age Transdanubian inlaid wares of the Encrusted Pottery Culture, Hungary: a preliminary study

Record type: Article

Inlaid ceramics belonging to the Encrusted Pottery Culture and dated to the Middle Bronze Age (2000–1500 BC) are highly distinctive vessels with complex decorative motifs found in large numbers in the Transdanubia region of Hungary. Despite this considerable corpus of material there has been little systematic investigation of the composition of the inlays. Micro-analysis of Transdanubian inlaid wares by X-ray diffraction (XRD), micro-Fourier transform infrared microscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) provides new compositional, structural and textural information on the inlays. In contrast to common statements in the literature regarding the materials used to make inlays, these new data show that the majority of inlays are composed of hydroxyapatite (bone) that was previously ashed, although some of the inlays are composed of calcium carbonate. Additional compositional and textural variation in the bone inlays suggests that bone material from different skeletal elements and/or of different age may have been used, and that contrasting recipes for inlay preparation were employed during fabrication. These results suggest that the production of inlaid vessels of the Encrusted Pottery Culture was more complex than has hitherto been thought.

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Citation

Roberts, S., Sofaer, J. and Kiss, V. (2008) Characterisation and textural analysis of Middle Bronze Age Transdanubian inlaid wares of the Encrusted Pottery Culture, Hungary: a preliminary study Journal of Archaeological Science, 35, (2), pp. 322-330. (doi:10.1016/j.jas.2007.03.013).

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 27 March 2007
e-pub ahead of print date: 2007
Published date: February 2008
Keywords: bronze age, pottery, inlay, bone, hydroxyapatite, ceramics, ftir

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 48161
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/48161
ISSN: 0305-4403
PURE UUID: 33262ea3-6e40-4126-98be-e11261475362
ORCID for S. Roberts: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4755-6703

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 31 Aug 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:00

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