Rutter, Michael, Beckett, Celia, Castle, Jenny, Colvert, Emma, Kreppner, Jana, Mehta, Mitul, Stevens, Suzanne and Sonuga-Barke, Edmund
Effects of profound early institutional deprivation: an overview of findings from a UK longitudinal study of Romanian adoptees
European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 4, (3), . (doi:10.1080/17405620701401846).
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A randomly selected sample of 165 children from Romania (of whom 144 had been reared in institutions) who were adopted by UK families, with placement before the age of 42 months, was studied at 4, 6, and 11 years of age. Comparisons were made with a sample of 52 non-institutionalized UK children adopted before the age of 6 months, who were studied in the same way. The paper briefly summarizes circumstances at the time of adoption and then reports findings at age 11, focusing on changes between 6 and 11. Marked catch-up in psychological functioning was evident following adoption, but significant problems continued in a substantial minority of the children placed after the age of 6 months. The theoretical implications of the findings are considered, and the policy implications are noted.
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