Volcanism in Response to Plate Flexure

Hirano, N., Takahashi, E., Yamamoto, J., Abe, N., Ingle, S.P., Kaneoka, I., Hirata, T., Kimura, J., Ishii, T., Ogawa, Y., Machida, S. and Suyehiro, K. (2006) Volcanism in Response to Plate Flexure Science, 313, (5792), pp. 1426-1428. (doi:10.1126/science.1128235).


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Volcanism on Earth is known to occur in three tectonic settings: divergent plate boundaries (such as mid-ocean ridges), convergent plate boundaries (such as island arcs), and hot spots. We report volcanism on the 135 million-year-old Pacific Plate not belonging to any of these categories. Small alkalic volcanoes form from small percent melts and originate in the asthenosphere, as implied by their trace element geochemistry and noble gas isotopic compositions. We propose that these small volcanoes erupt along lithospheric fractures in response to plate flexure during subduction. Minor extents of asthenospheric melting and the volcanoes' tectonic alignment and age progression in the direction opposite to that of plate motion provide evidence for the presence of a small percent melt in the asthenosphere

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1126/science.1128235
ISSNs: 0036-8075 (print)
ePrint ID: 48703
Date :
Date Event
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 18:22
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/48703

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