Tribo-corrosion of coatings: a review
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 40, (18), . (doi:10.1088/0022-3727/40/18/S10).
This paper reviews the available literature relating to the emerging research into the performance of coatings under combined wear and corrosion conditions. Understanding how coatings perform under these tribo-corrosion conditions is essential if the service life of equipment is to be predicted and to allow service life to be extended. Therefore, the tribo-corrosion performance of coatings deposited by a variety of techniques is discussed and the main mechanisms associated with their degradation under combined wear and corrosion highlighted. Coating composition, microstructure, defect level, adhesion, cohesion and substrate properties are seen as some of the critical elements in coating performance when subjected to tribo-corrosion contacts. The importance of post-coating deposition treatments such as laser resurfacing and sealing are also discussed. Interactions between wear and corrosion mechanisms are identified along with some models and mapping techniques that aim to inform coating selection and predict performance. Recent investigations into mono-layer as well as multilayered and functionally graded coatings are reviewed as candidates for wear–corrosion resistant surfaces. The review reveals the need for a more considered approach to tribo-corrosion testing and the way in which the results are analysed and presented. For example, the test conditions should be appropriate to the coating system under test; the level of in situ instrumentation deployed and the post-test analysis of in situ electrochemical data should be carefully selected as well as details given of the composition of any surface tribofilms formed and the identification of the degradation mechanisms.
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