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Does social inequality matter? Changing ethnic socio-economic disparities and Maori smoking in New Zealand, 1981–1996

Does social inequality matter? Changing ethnic socio-economic disparities and Maori smoking in New Zealand, 1981–1996
Does social inequality matter? Changing ethnic socio-economic disparities and Maori smoking in New Zealand, 1981–1996
This paper builds on an earlier study of the effects of inequality on smoking by explicitly incorporating a temporal dimension. We examine the effects of changing levels of inequality upon ethnic variations in smoking rates in New Zealand for the period 1981 to 1996. This was a period of rapid structural change in New Zealand's economy and welfare state, changes which had a disproportionate effect on Maori. While Maori smoking rates declined during this period, the gap in smoking levels between Maori and Pakeha (persons of European descent) increased. The results suggest that levels of social inequality between Maori and Pakeha have an independent effect on Maori smoking rates and that communities which experienced increased social inequality during both the 1980s and 1990s were more likely to have higher Maori smoking rates. Controlling for confounders, the effect of increased ethnic inequality on smoking was particularly evident for Maori women (net R2=0.150) compared to Maori men (net R2=0.079). Nevertheless, absolute rather than relative socio-economic deprivation remains the most important predictor of smoking.
smoking, ethnic inequality, Maori, New Zealand
0277-9536
1515-1526
Barnett, Ross
af9d111e-56a1-452f-b250-53efa5afaad4
Pearce, Jamie
0ecdb34b-6174-4814-bc1d-ab23c6f420d7
Moon, Graham
68cffc4d-72c1-41e9-b1fa-1570c5f3a0b4
Barnett, Ross
af9d111e-56a1-452f-b250-53efa5afaad4
Pearce, Jamie
0ecdb34b-6174-4814-bc1d-ab23c6f420d7
Moon, Graham
68cffc4d-72c1-41e9-b1fa-1570c5f3a0b4

Barnett, Ross, Pearce, Jamie and Moon, Graham (2005) Does social inequality matter? Changing ethnic socio-economic disparities and Maori smoking in New Zealand, 1981–1996. Social Science & Medicine, 60 (7), 1515-1526. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.08.002).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper builds on an earlier study of the effects of inequality on smoking by explicitly incorporating a temporal dimension. We examine the effects of changing levels of inequality upon ethnic variations in smoking rates in New Zealand for the period 1981 to 1996. This was a period of rapid structural change in New Zealand's economy and welfare state, changes which had a disproportionate effect on Maori. While Maori smoking rates declined during this period, the gap in smoking levels between Maori and Pakeha (persons of European descent) increased. The results suggest that levels of social inequality between Maori and Pakeha have an independent effect on Maori smoking rates and that communities which experienced increased social inequality during both the 1980s and 1990s were more likely to have higher Maori smoking rates. Controlling for confounders, the effect of increased ethnic inequality on smoking was particularly evident for Maori women (net R2=0.150) compared to Maori men (net R2=0.079). Nevertheless, absolute rather than relative socio-economic deprivation remains the most important predictor of smoking.

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More information

Published date: April 2005
Keywords: smoking, ethnic inequality, Maori, New Zealand
Organisations: Economy Culture & Space, PHEW – P (Population Health)

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 49237
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/49237
ISSN: 0277-9536
PURE UUID: 6c268f4e-8b65-4986-bc2f-c9dcc3a7b18a
ORCID for Graham Moon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7256-8397

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 25 Oct 2007
Last modified: 03 Dec 2019 01:45

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