Towards a 3D articulatory model of velum based MRI and CT images

Serrurier, A. and Badin, P. (2005) Towards a 3D articulatory model of velum based MRI and CT images ZAS Papers in Linguistics, 40, pp. 195-211.


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This paper describes the processing of MRI and CT images needed for developing a 3D linear articulatory model of velum. The 3D surface that defines each organ constitutive of the vocal and nasal tracts is extracted from MRI and CT images recorded on a subject uttering a corpus of artificially sustained French vowels and consonants. First, the 2D contours of the organs have been manually extracted from the corresponding images, expanded into 3D contours, and aligned in a common 3D coordinate system. Then, for each organ, a generic mesh has been chosen and fitted by elastic deformation to each of the 46 3D shapes of the corpus. This has finally resulted in a set of organ surfaces sampled with the same number of 3D vertices for each articulation, which is appropriate for Principal Component Analysis or linear decomposition. The analysis of these data has uncovered two main uncorrelated articulatory degrees of freedom for the velum’s movement. The associated parameters are used to control the model. We have in particular investigated the question of a possible correlation between jaw / tongue and velum’s movement and have not find more correlation than the one found in the corpus.

Item Type: Article
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Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Q Science > QP Physiology
ePrint ID: 49540
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Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2007
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 18:17
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