The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Aerodynamic interaction of an inverted wing with a rotating wheel

van den Berg, Martinus Anthoon (2007) Aerodynamic interaction of an inverted wing with a rotating wheel University of Southampton, School of Engineering Sciences, Doctoral Thesis , 274pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)


This research contributes to the knowledge on aerodynamic wing - wheel interaction. Hereto an experimental and computational study has been performed, during which the wing ride height and the wing - wheel overlap and gap have been considered as the primary variables. The wheel drag for the combined configuration is generally lower at low ride heights and higher at high ride heights compared to the case without wing. This results primarily from changes in the flow separation over the top of the wheel - partly induced by the wing circulation - from the channel flow along the inside of the wheel and from the vortex interaction in the wheel wake. The wing downforce increases at low ride heights due to the wheel presence, but reduces at high ride heights. The modified channeling effect, vortex and separation effects govern the wing flow field, although the wheel circulation acts as an additional mechanism for downforce enhancement and limitation. The wing - wheel interaction has been studied extensively for a baseline configuration, using forces, on-surfaces pressures for the wing and wheel, oil flow and PIV data. A reduced set of data has been obtained for alternative overlap and gap settings. An increase in overlap generally leads to a reduction in wheel drag and wing downforce. A larger gap setting has relatively little influence on the wheel drag at low ride heights, but shifts the higher ride height part of the curve to lower values. The wing downforce is generally slightly lower when the gap increases. An analogy between the wing - wheel configuration and a multi-element airfoil has been used to partly explain the aerodynamic interaction between the components, based on the cross flow along the flap trailing edge. The application of a steady RANS computational approach with Spalart Allmaras turbulence model has been assessed for a baseline configuration over a range of ride heights. Qualitatively, the flow field is predicted fairly accurately, but the flow quantities correlate less satisfactory with the experiments. The downstream interaction in underpredicted, resulting in lower values for the wheel drag, in particular at high ride heights. The use of non-conformal zones around the wing is one of the causes for this discrepancy.

PDF VAN_DEN_BERG_Martinus.pdf - Other
Download (72MB)

More information

Published date: March 2007
Organisations: University of Southampton


Local EPrints ID: 49927
PURE UUID: 814c318d-40d3-4b34-a7f9-349fa4429697

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 02 Jan 2008
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:54

Export record


Author: Martinus Anthoon van den Berg

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.